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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Index of Common Names

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z
Baldhip Rose
Rosa gymnocarpa
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Beaked Hazelnut
Corylus cornuta
Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub.
Height: 3 feet - 13 feet (1 meter - 4 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Beargrass
Xerophyllum tenax
Forms a tall grass-like clump of tough leaves topped by a large dense cluster of white flowers.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Big-leaf Maple
Acer macrophyllum
A tree with a large, often multi-stemmed trunk and a loose, broad crown of large leaves.
Height: 65-100 feet (20-30 meters) tall with trunk 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters)diameter.
Leaves deciduous.
Bigleaf Sedge
Carex amplifolia
Leaves deciduous.
Bitter Cherry
Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Height: Up to 50 feet (15 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Black Cottonwood
Populus balsamifera
Leaves deciduous.
Black Gooseberry
Ribes lacustre
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
black hawthorn
Crataegus douglasii
large shrub or small tree with clusters of white flowers and dark purplish-black berries.
Leaves deciduous.
Bleeding Heart
Dicentra formosa
Hairless, soft stems and light green lacy leaves overtopped by small nodding clusters of pink heart-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Blue Wild-rye
Elymus glaucus
Tufted perennial grass usually forming small clumps, 0.5 to 1.5 m tall.
Height: 20-40 inches (0.5-1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Blue-eyed Grass
Sisyrinchium idahoense
A small clump-forming iris-like plant with small blue flowers.
Height: 28 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Bog Birch
Betula glandulosa
Spreading, small-branched perennial shrub of bogs and wet areas.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters) tall; usually shorter.
Leaves deciduous.
Bog Cranberry
Vaccinium oxycoccus
Creeping perennial of peat bogs, producing pink flowers and dark red cranberries.
Leaves deciduous.
Bog Laurel
Kalmia microphylla ssp. occidentalis
Small, slender-branched shrub with dark green waxy leaves and clusters of bright pink flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Bog Yellowcress
Rorippa palustris
Leaves deciduous.
Bracken Fern
Pteridium aquilinum
Rhizomous perennial fern with large, much-divided solitary fronds,
Height: Usually 3-6 feet (1-2 meters) tall, sometimes taller.
Leaves deciduous.
Broad-leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia
A tall wetland plant with long, erect sword-like leaves and dense brown flower spikes.
Leaves deciduous.
Broad-leaved Starflower
Trientalis latifolia
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Broad-leaved Stonecrop
Sedum spathulifolium
Leaves evergreen.
Broadfruit Bur-reed
Sparganium eurycarpum
Leaves deciduous.
Broadleaf Water-Plantain
Alisma plantago-aquatica
A terminal cluster of small white flowers sits above a tall leafless stem. It grows in marshy or semi-aquatic environments.
Height: up to 48 inches (120 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Buckbean
Menyanthes trifoliata
White, curly-haired flowers and large trifoliate leaves decorate this patch-forming plant found in shallow water.
Leaves deciduous.
Bunchberry
Cornus unalaschkensis
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Canada Goldenrod
Solidago canadensis
Forms patches from long creeping rhizomes. Stems leafy and hairy near the top, with a dense cluster of small yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Cascara
Rhamnus purshiana
Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
Height: Up to 33 feet (10 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Chamisso's Cotton-grass
Eriophorum chamissonis
Extensive beds growing from spreading rhizomes or stolons with tufts of cotton-like seed heads.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Chocolate Lily, Rice Root
Fritillaria lanceolata
Rare herb to 80 cm tall from bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets; flowers are mottled maroon and yellow.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Clasping Twisted Stalk
Streptopus amplexifolius
Perennial herb with a branched zigzagging stem and dangling white flowers.
Height: 3 feet (1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Cleavers, Bedstraw
Galium aparine
Leaves deciduous.
Coast Penstemon
Penstemon serrulatus
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Coastal Strawberry
Fragaria chiloensis
Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Common California Aster
Aster chilensis
A slender, sprawling perennial that produces light purple flowers.
Height: Can grow up to 3 ft. (100 cm.)
Leaves deciduous.
Common Camas
Camassia quamash
Bulbous perennial producing a spike of large blue flowers.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Cooley's Hedge Nettle
Stachys cooleyae
Perennial from rhizomes.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Creeping Spikerush
Eleocharis palustris
A wetland plant with leafless, grass-like stems topped by small brownish spikes of flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (100 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Cursed Buttercup
Ranunculus sceleratus
A much-branched herb of wet areas, with tiny yellow flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Curvepod Yellowcress
Rorippa curvisiliqua
Leaves deciduous.
Cusick's Sedge
Carex cusickii
A woodland sedge with grass-like leaves and small clusters of tiny greenish flowers.
Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.