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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Index of Common Names

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z
Salal
Gaultheria shallon
Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Height: Up to 16 feet (5 meters) in exceptional cases but typically 3-7 feet (1-2 m) tall.
Leaves evergreen.
Salmonberry
Rubus spectabilis
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Satin Flower, Grass Widow
Olsynium douglasii
Showy tufted perennial resembling a miniature iris topped with large pink to purple flowers.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Sawbeak Sedge
Carex stipata
Leaves deciduous.
Sea Blush
Plectritis congesta
Delicate annual herb with large dense clusters of small pink flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Sea-thrift.
Armeria maritima
Round balls of pink flowers held on slender leafless stems above a cluster of grass-like leaves.
Height: Up to 18 inches (45 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Seacoast Bulrush
Scirpus maritimus
Leaves deciduous.
Self Heal
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Serviceberry, Saskatoon
Amelanchier alnifolia
Medium-sized shrub producing fragrant white flowers in late spring.
Height: Up to 15 feet (4.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Shore Pine
Pinus contorta
Short pine tree, often with crooked trunk and bushy habit.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Showy Jacob's-ladder
Polemonium pulcherrimum
Taprooted perennial with mostly basal leaves and blue bell-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Siberian Spring Beauty
Claytonia sibirica
Low-growing delicate herb.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Silverweed
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Sitka spruce
Picea sitchensis
Large tree with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets
Height: Up to 200 feet (60 meters) tall.
Leaves evergreen.
Sitka Willow
Salix sitchensis
Leaves deciduous.
Sitka-Mountain Ash
Sorbus sitchensis
Leaves deciduous.
Skunk Cabbage
Lysichiton americanum
A wetland plant with very large waxy erect leaves and yellow flower spikes enclosed in a large yellow sheath.
Height: 1-5 feet (30-150 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Slender Boykinia
Boykinia occidentalis
A slender herb with open panicles of small white flowers.
Height: Up to 24 inches (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Slender Rush
Juncus tenuis
Leaves deciduous.
Slough Sedge
Carex obnupta
Large grass-like plant creating thick patches in coastal wetlands.
Height: 1-5 feet (30-150 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Small Bedstraw
Galium trifidum
Sprawling perennial with numerous stems from slender rhizomes.
Height: up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Leaves evergreen.
Small-flowered Alumroot
Heuchera micrantha
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Small-flowered Bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus
Leaves deciduous.
Small-flowered Woodland Star
Lithophragma parviflorum
Delicate herb from slender rhizomes with numerous small bulblets; white star-shaped flowers.
Height: 2-16 inches (10-40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Snowberry
Symphoricarpos albus
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Snowbrush
Ceanothus velutinus
A tall shrub with glossy leaves and clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Softstem Bulrush
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Leaves deciduous.
Spiny Wood Fern
Dryopteris expansa
A semi-evergreen fern of woodland areas with triangular fronds from a stout rhizome.
Height: To 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Leaves deciduous.
Spreading Phlox
Phlox diffusa
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Spring Gold
Lomatium utriculatum
Perennial herb with finely lacey foliage and flat-topped umbels of bright yellow flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Starflowered False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum stellatum
Leaves deciduous.
Stinging Nettle
Urtica dioica
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Leaves deciduous.
Subalpine Spirea
Spiraea densiflora
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Leaves deciduous.
Swamp Rose
Rosa pisocarpa
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Sweet Gale
Myrica gale
Leaves deciduous.
Sword Fern
Polystichum munitum
A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Tall Annual Willowherb
Epilobium brachycarpum
Taprooted annual of dry, gravelly or disturbed sites.
Height: 1-4 feet (30-120 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous.
Tall Mannagrass, Fowl Mannagrass
Glyceria elata
Tall wetland grass.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Tall Oregon Grape
Mahonia aquifolium
Erect, stiff-branched shrub with holly-like leaves and clusters of yellow flowers.
Height: 2.5 - 6.5 feet (0.8 meters - 2 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Taper-Tip Onion
Allium acuminatum
This native wild onion has grass-like basal leaves overtopped by umbels of purple flowers, and egg-shaped bulbs containing a fibrous network on the surface.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Tapertip Rush
Juncus acuminatus
Tufted perennial grass-like plant.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Thick-head Sedge
Carex pachystachya
Leaves evergreen.
Thimbleberry
Rubus parviflorus
Unarmed spreading shrub with large white flowers. Usually forms dense thickets.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Tiger Lily
Lilium columbianum
Leaves deciduous.
Trailing Blackberry
Rubus ursinus
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Height: 20 inches (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Tufted Hairgrass
Deschampsia cespitosa
Densely tufted perennial grass.
Height: Up to 4 feet (120 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous.
Twinberry
Lonicera involucrata
Tall shrub with opposite leaves and pairs of small yellow flowers in leaf axils.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters tall).
Leaves deciduous.
Twinflower
Linnaea borealis
Trailing, slender, semi-woody, with short erect leafy stems and dainty bell-shaped flowers.
Height: 4 inches (10 cm).
Leaves evergreen.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.