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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Native Deciduous Groundcovers

Achlys triphylla
Vanilla Leaf
Grows low to the ground, spreading by rhizomes to form dense ground cover in shady areas.
Height: To 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous Stems are straight, thin and wiry (Alden, Paulson).
Asarum caudatum
Wild Ginger
Low-growing evergreen perennial that smells strongly of lemon-ginger when crushed.
Height: Can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous Stems are finely hairy, root freely and are trailing.
Cerastium arvense
Field Chickweed
Leaves deciduous
Cornus unalaschkensis
Bunchberry
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Leaves deciduous Erect stems, minutely hairy.
Fragaria chiloensis
Coastal Strawberry
Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Leaves deciduous Hairy red runners can send out roots of their own.
Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Oak Fern
Delicate, deciduous fronds. Usually solitary, but often forms a mat of herbaceous cover in forests.
Height: To 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous Stalks are thin, dark, and wiry.
Luetkea pectinata
Partridgefoot
Low-growing ground cover with spikes of small white flowers.
Height: Up to 6 inches (3 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous
Maianthemum dilatatum
False Lily-of-the-Valley
Quickly spreading ground cover with attractive glossy green leaves.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Leaves deciduous
Oxalis oregana
Wood Sorrel
A delicate herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Leaves deciduous
Phlox diffusa
Spreading Phlox
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Leaves deciduous
Sedum lanceolatum
Lance-leaved Stonecrop
Leaves deciduous
Sedum oreganum
Oregon Stonecrop
Leaves deciduous
Vancouveria hexandra
Inside-out Flower
Rhizomatous perennial with small white flowers and delicate leaves.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous Stalks are brownish-hairy near the base.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.