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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects

Native Deciduous Trees

Acer circinatum
Vine Maple
Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: 13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Leaves deciduous. Bark is initially smooth and bright green, eventually turning brown with age.
Acer macrophyllum
Big-leaf Maple
A tree with a large, often multi-stemmed trunk and a loose, broad crown of large leaves.
Height: 65-100 feet (20-30 meters) tall with trunk 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters)diameter.
Leaves deciduous. Bark is initially green, later becoming grey-brown and narrowly furrowed with age. Old bark is often covered with thick mats of mosses, lichens and ferns.
Alnus rubra
Red Alder
A fast-growing deciduous tree well suited to disturbed sites.
Height: Up to 80 feet (25 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Bark is thin and gray with smooth white patches of lichens.
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
A small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive white, peeling papery bark.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Leaves deciduous. The bark peels off in smooth, horizontal, white papery strips marked with brown horizontal lines of raised pores.
Cornus nuttallii
Western Flowering Dogwood
Multi-branched, irregular trees with attractive large white "flowers".
Height: Up to 65 feet (20 meters) tall.
Leaves deciduous. Blackish-brown bark, smooth, becoming finely ridged with age
Fraxinus latifolia
Oregon Ash
Tough-wooded tree with gray bark and compound leaflets arranged oppositely around twigs.
Height: Up to 82 feet (25 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Bark becomes greyish-brown and fissured with age.
Larix occidentalis
Western Larch
Leaves deciduous.
Malus fusca
Pacific Crabapple
Small tree, slender in form, appears thorny; bushy in the open.
Height: 16.5-40 feet (5-12 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Twigs and branches appear to have thorns, but these are actually spurs, on which flowers and fruits are produced. Young twigs covered with tiny white or gray hairs. Older bark deeply fissured.
Populus balsamifera
Black Cottonwood
Leaves deciduous.
Populus tremuloides
Quaking Aspen
Deciduous thicket-forming tree with smooth white bark and leaves that "quake" in the wind.
Leaves deciduous.
Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Bitter Cherry
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Height: Up to 50 feet (15 meters).
Leaves deciduous. The bark is tough, stringy and waterproof. Color is reddish-brown or grey with horizontal rows of raised pores that look like white dots.
Quercus garryana
Garry Oak
Beautiful, deciduous, heavy limbed oak tree.
Height: Up to 82 feet (25 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rhamnus purshiana
Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
Height: Up to 33 feet (10 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Thin, smooth, very bitter, silvery gray bark.
Sambucus racemosa
Red Elderberry
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
Height: 20 feet (6 meters).
Leaves deciduous. Soft pithy greenish brown twigs with lines and furrows, bark dark reddish-brown, warty, branches opposite, new twigs are purplish.

The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.