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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Native Evergreen Trees

Abies amabilis
Pacific Silver Fir
An attractive conifer with short dark green needles. Tolerant of shade.
Leaves evergreen.
Abies grandis
Grand Fir
Abies grandis is a tall, straight tree with short, dense branches.
Height: 130-260 feet (40-80 meters).
Leaves evergreen. Bark is greyish - brown in color. The bark of Abies Grandis is initially smooth with resin blisters but becomes rough and scaly with age. The trunk is 0.5-1 meter (20-40 inches) wide.
Arbutus menziesii
Madrone
An attractive broadleaf evergreen with a twisting reddish trunk and irregular branches with an overall rounded outline.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Leaves evergreen. Young bark is chartreuse green and smooth while older bark is brownish-red with thin peeling scales.
Picea sitchensis
Sitka spruce
Large tree with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets
Height: Up to 200 feet (60 meters) tall.
Leaves evergreen. Thin, scaly gray-brown bark.
Pinus contorta
Shore Pine
Short pine tree, often with crooked trunk and bushy habit.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Leaves evergreen. Bark orange-brown to gray, scaly. The trunk can be straight and tall in good conditions, but it can be stunted and crooked in poor growing conditions such as peat bogs or muskeg and subalpine areas.
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir
Large coniferous tree with thick, fluted bark.
Height: Up to 300 feet (90 meters).
Leaves evergreen. Very thick bark with deep cracks when mature, helping the tree withstand forest fires.
Taxus brevifolia
Western Yew
Low-growing conifer with deep red-brown bark, flattened sprays of needles, and red berry-like cones.
Leaves evergreen.
Thuja plicata
Western Red Cedar
Large conifer with branches that droop and then turn back up (J-shaped), broad crowns.
Height: 100-230 feet (30-70 meters).
Leaves evergreen. Bark is 1-2 cm thick, gray to reddish brown and tears off in long fibrous strips, wood is aromatic, trunk has overall conical structure with buttresses at the base.
Tsuga heterophylla
Western hemlock
Leaves evergreen.
Tsuga mertensiana
Mountain Hemlock
Slow growing evergreen conifer.
Height: Up to 40 meters (130 ft) tall, but often shorter.
Leaves evergreen.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.