Native Plants for Mid Elevations
Pacific Silver Fir
An attractive conifer with short dark green needles. Tolerant of shade.
Abies grandis is a tall, straight tree with short, dense branches.
Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: Found at elevations below 760 meters.
A tree with a large, often multi-stemmed trunk and a loose, broad crown of large leaves.
Height: Found mostly west of the Cascades below 300 meters (Kruckeberg).
Aromatic herb with delicate fern-like leaves and flat-topped clusters of white flowers.
Height: Found at nearly all elevations but most common at lower elevations.
Grows low to the ground, spreading by rhizomes to form dense ground cover in shady areas.
Height: Sea level to 1500 meters.
Maidenhair Fern, Aleutian maidenhair, western maidenhair, serpentine maidenhair
Small to medium-sized delicate, deciduous fern with a fan-shaped arrangement of five to seven fingerlike branchlets each bearing many toothed leaflets.
Clusters of long grass-like leaves overtopped by nodding umbels of pink flowers.
Medium-sized shrub producing fragrant white flowers in late spring.
Clump forming, perennial herb with small withering basal leaves and papery white flower clusters.
Delicate perennial with large nodding, star-shaped, spurred flowers that are a favorite of hummingbirds.
An attractive broadleaf evergreen with a twisting reddish trunk and irregular branches with an overall rounded outline.
A mat-forming evergreen shrub producing lovely pink flowers that later turn into red berries.
Tall perennial herb topped with large feathery clusters of white flowers, grows from rhizomes and has multiple stems.
Low-growing evergreen perennial that smells strongly of lemon-ginger when crushed.
Common California Aster
A slender, sprawling perennial that produces light purple flowers.
Great Northern Aster
A tall, much-branched perennial with numerous heads of purplish flowers.
Rhizomatous perennial wildflower with much-branched stems and light purple aster-like flower heads.
Tall, delicate, light-green fronds from a basal cluster.
Height: All elevations except alpine.
Spreading, small-branched perennial shrub of bogs and wet areas.
A small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive white, peeling papery bark.
Dark green fern leaves grow in tufts from short, stout rhizomes.
A slender herb with open panicles of small white flowers.
Fool's Onion, White Brodiaea
Onion-like plant from an underground corm, with large clusters of white flowers at tip of stems.
Height: 0-2000 m; prefers uplands, but wet prairies also.
Perennial herb with large white flowers held above broadly rounded leaves; grows in wet subalpine meadows.
Height: 900-3300 meters elevation.
Stately perennial from a deep bulb, producing spikes of large blue flowers in early spring.
Bulbous perennial producing a spike of large blue flowers.
Delicate stems topped by large, nodding bell-shaped blue flowers.
A woodland sedge with grass-like leaves and small clusters of tiny greenish flowers.
Large grass-like plant creating thick patches in coastal wetlands.
An attractive wildflower with red brush-like flower clusters.
Height: Can be found from low to high elevations, but most common in the subalpine.
A tall shrub with glossy leaves and clusters of white flowers.
Tall perennial from rhizome like roots with unbranched stem and terminal spikes of large red to pink flowers.
Low-growing, mat-like herbaceous annual with succulent round leaves.
Siberian Spring Beauty
Low-growing delicate herb.
Spreading, thicket-forming shrub with bright red stems.
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Height: 0-1500 meters.
Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub.
Height: Below 2100 meters.
large shrub or small tree with clusters of white flowers and dark purplish-black berries.
Densely tufted perennial grass.
Height: Common at all elevations.
Hairless, soft stems and light green lacy leaves overtopped by small nodding clusters of pink heart-shaped flowers.
Spiny Wood Fern
A semi-evergreen fern of woodland areas with triangular fronds from a stout rhizome.
A wetland plant with leafless, grass-like stems topped by small brownish spikes of flowers.
Tufted perennial grass usually forming small clumps, 0.5 to 1.5 m tall.
Height: Below 2500 meters.
Tall Annual Willowherb
Taprooted annual of dry, gravelly or disturbed sites.
Erect herbaceous perennial with opposite leaves.
Succulent, hollow, jointed stems with whorls of branches.
Height: Below 3000 meters.
More robust and larger than common horsetail. Sheaths around its sterile stems have 14-18 teeth.
Height: Below 1000 meters.
Short-lived perennial with erect stem-base and taproot or fibrous roots.
Extensive beds growing from spreading rhizomes or stolons with tufts of cotton-like seed heads.
Wooly leafy perennial with yellow daisy-like flowers.
Perennial grass with thread-like leaves forming small patches.
Height: Below 2500 meters.
A wild strawberry with thin leaves, low, short runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Low growing wild strawberry with runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Chocolate Lily, Rice Root
Rare herb to 80 cm tall from bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets; flowers are mottled maroon and yellow.
Height: From sea level to nearly sub-alpine.
Sprawling perennial with numerous stems from slender rhizomes.
Height: Common from low to fairly high elevations.
Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Hairy perennial with short rhizomes and big leaves topped by small yellow flowers.
Upright taprooted annual with large ball-like heads of blue flowers.
Tall Mannagrass, Fowl Mannagrass
Tall wetland grass.
very similar to G. elata
Evergreen orchid from short rhizomes with an unusual mottled leaf pattern.
Delicate, deciduous fronds. Usually solitary, but often forms a mat of herbaceous cover in forests.
Height: Mostly found at mid-elevations.
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Multi-stemmed upright shrub with ridged young stems and arching older stems with peeling bark. White flowers.
Grass with erect stems that are bent at the base and sometimes hairy on the leaf sheaths.
Single leafy, hairy stem grows from rhizomes and fleshy fibrous roots; with small clusters of greenish-white flowers.
Clumped, perennial iris with large purple flowers.
Tufted perennial grass-like plant.
|Kalmia microphylla ssp. occidentalis
Small, slender-branched shrub with dark green waxy leaves and clusters of bright pink flowers.
Height: Frequent along the east side of the Cascade Mountains.
Evergreen, branching shrub with rusty-hairy leaf undersides and white flowers.
Trailing, slender, semi-woody, with short erect leafy stems and dainty bell-shaped flowers.
Small-flowered Woodland Star
Delicate herb from slender rhizomes with numerous small bulblets; white star-shaped flowers.
Climbing vine with clusters of tubular bright orange flowers.
Clamboring vine with clusters of light purple tubular flowers.
Tall shrub with opposite leaves and pairs of small yellow flowers in leaf axils.
A large perennial native forb with spikes of blue flowers from one to many hairy stems.
A wetland plant with very large waxy erect leaves and yellow flower spikes enclosed in a large yellow sheath.
Height: Sea level to 1300 meters.
Tall Oregon Grape
Erect, stiff-branched shrub with holly-like leaves and clusters of yellow flowers.
Height: Below 1200 meters elevation.
Dull Oregon Grape
Low-growing creeping shrub with dark green holly-like leaves and slender spikes of yellow flowers.
Quickly spreading ground cover with attractive glossy green leaves.
False Solomon's Seal
Starflowered False Solomon's Seal
Small tree, slender in form, appears thorny; bushy in the open.
Height: Up to 2500 ft in Cascades.
A wild mint with small groups of light purple flowers in the leaf axils.
White, curly-haired flowers and large trifoliate leaves decorate this patch-forming plant found in shallow water.
Large yellow tubular flowers top this deciduous-leaved wetland perennial.
|Nuphar luteum ssp. polysepalum
An aquatic water lily with large, round, floating leaves and fleshy, yellow flowers held at the water surface.
Pacific Water Parsley
Semi-aquatic, often reclining or scrambling herb, with stem tips ascending or curled and small flat-topped clusters of white flowers.
Satin Flower, Grass Widow
Showy tufted perennial resembling a miniature iris topped with large pink to purple flowers.
An erect to sprawling shrub with thick, spiny, crooked stems and very large leaves.
A delicate herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Spreading shrub with numerous tubular purple flowers.
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Many-stemmed perennial with umbrella-like leaves from creeping rhizomes.
Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Large tree with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets
Short pine tree, often with crooked trunk and bushy habit.
White Rein-Orchid, Bog Candle
Perennial orchid with spikes of white flowers from tuber-like roots.
Taprooted perennial with mostly basal leaves and blue bell-shaped flowers.
A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Deciduous thicket-forming tree with smooth white bark and leaves that "quake" in the wind.
|Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Light green herb with toothed palmate leaves and diffuse panicles of yellow, saucer-shaped flowers.
Perennial from long, creeping, often floating, somewhat woody rhizomes, with small maroon flowers.
|Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
|Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Large coniferous tree with thick, fluted bark.
Rhizomous perennial fern with large, much-divided solitary fronds,
A small woodland herb with a basal clump of glossy green leaves and slender spikes of pink flowers.
Slender perennial herb with fibrous roots and yellow flowers.
Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Red Flowering Currant
Erect, multi-stemmed shrub with showy clusters of deep pink flowers in early spring.
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Spindly shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Unarmed spreading shrub with large white flowers. Usually forms dense thickets.
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
A small clump-forming iris-like plant with small blue flowers.
Forms patches from long creeping rhizomes. Stems leafy and hairy near the top, with a dense cluster of small yellow flowers.
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Clasping Twisted Stalk
Perennial herb with a branched zigzagging stem and dangling white flowers.
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Low-growing conifer with deep red-brown bark, flattened sprays of needles, and red berry-like cones.
Western Red Cedar
Large conifer with branches that droop and then turn back up (J-shaped), broad crowns.
Height: Sea level to 1250 meters.
Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
A woodland herb whose leaves give rise to small plantlets.
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Short stout stems topped with a whorl of three leaves and a single large white flower.
Height: Sea level to 1200 meters.
A tall wetland plant with long, erect sword-like leaves and dense brown flower spikes.
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Creeping perennial of peat bogs, producing pink flowers and dark red cranberries.
Delicately branched shrub with small red huckleberries, suitable for shady areas on decaying wood.
Rhizomatous perennial with small white flowers and delicate leaves.
High Bush Cranberry
Shrub with bright red berries and brilliant fall foliage.
A blue flowered violet that grows from slender rhizomes and is stemless in the early season, later grow upright stem.
Yellow Wood Violet
An attractive yellow-flowered violet of moist open woodlands.
A creeping violet with evergreen leaves and yellow flowers.
Forms a tall grass-like clump of tough leaves topped by a large dense cluster of white flowers.
The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.