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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Native Plants for Moist Areas

Abies amabilis
Pacific Silver Fir
An attractive conifer with short dark green needles. Tolerant of shade.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Abies grandis
Grand Fir
Abies grandis is a tall, straight tree with short, dense branches.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 130-260 feet (40-80 meters).
Acer circinatum
Vine Maple
Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Favors well drained moist to wet soils.
Height: 13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Acer macrophyllum
Big-leaf Maple
A tree with a large, often multi-stemmed trunk and a loose, broad crown of large leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 65-100 feet (20-30 meters) tall with trunk 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters)diameter.
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow
Aromatic herb with delicate fern-like leaves and flat-topped clusters of white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 4 inches to 3 feet (10-100 cm).
Achlys triphylla
Vanilla Leaf
Grows low to the ground, spreading by rhizomes to form dense ground cover in shady areas.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: To 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Adiantum aleuticum
Maidenhair Fern, Aleutian maidenhair, western maidenhair, serpentine maidenhair
Small to medium-sized delicate, deciduous fern with a fan-shaped arrangement of five to seven fingerlike branchlets each bearing many toothed leaflets.
Prefers moist soils.
Height: 6-43 inches (15-110 cm).
Alisma plantago-aquatica
Broadleaf Water-Plantain
A terminal cluster of small white flowers sits above a tall leafless stem. It grows in marshy or semi-aquatic environments.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: up to 48 inches (120 cm).
Allium acuminatum
Taper-Tip Onion
This native wild onion has grass-like basal leaves overtopped by umbels of purple flowers, and egg-shaped bulbs containing a fibrous network on the surface.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm).
Alnus rubra
Red Alder
A fast-growing deciduous tree well suited to disturbed sites.
Grows taller in drier conditions.
Height: Up to 80 feet (25 meters).
Amelanchier alnifolia
Serviceberry, Saskatoon
Medium-sized shrub producing fragrant white flowers in late spring.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 15 feet (4.5 meters).
Aquilegia formosa
Red Columbine
Delicate perennial with large nodding, star-shaped, spurred flowers that are a favorite of hummingbirds.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Can grow up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Aruncus dioicus
Goat's Beard
Tall perennial herb topped with large feathery clusters of white flowers, grows from rhizomes and has multiple stems.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Can grow up to 6.5 feet (2 meters) tall.
Asarum caudatum
Wild Ginger
Low-growing evergreen perennial that smells strongly of lemon-ginger when crushed.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall.
Aster chilensis
Common California Aster
A slender, sprawling perennial that produces light purple flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Can grow up to 3 ft. (100 cm.)
Aster modestus
Great Northern Aster
A tall, much-branched perennial with numerous heads of purplish flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Grows up to 40 inches (100 cm).
Aster subspicatus
Douglas Aster
Rhizomatous perennial wildflower with much-branched stems and light purple aster-like flower heads.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Grows up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Athyrium filix-femina
Lady Fern
Tall, delicate, light-green fronds from a basal cluster.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Grows 3-6 feet (2 meters) tall.
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
A small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive white, peeling papery bark.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Blechnum spicant
Deer Fern
Dark green fern leaves grow in tufts from short, stout rhizomes.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 40 inches (1 meter) tall.
Boykinia occidentalis
Slender Boykinia
A slender herb with open panicles of small white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 24 inches (60 cm).
Brodiaea hyacinthina
Fool's Onion, White Brodiaea
Onion-like plant from an underground corm, with large clusters of white flowers at tip of stems.
Can occur in wetlands that dry out by late summer.
Height: 10-30 inches (25-70 cm).
Caltha biflora
Marsh Marigold
Perennial herb with large white flowers held above broadly rounded leaves; grows in wet subalpine meadows.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Camassia leitchlinii
Great Camas
Stately perennial from a deep bulb, producing spikes of large blue flowers in early spring.
Needs moist soil in winter and spring, then dry in summer.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Camassia quamash
Common Camas
Bulbous perennial producing a spike of large blue flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Castilleja miniata
Red Paintbrush
An attractive wildflower with red brush-like flower clusters.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 8-32 inches (20-80 cm).
Ceanothus velutinus
Snowbrush
A tall shrub with glossy leaves and clusters of white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Cerastium arvense
Field Chickweed
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed
Tall perennial from rhizome like roots with unbranched stem and terminal spikes of large red to pink flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters), but usually shorter than 6 feet (2 meters).
Claytonia perfoliata
Miner's Lettuce
Low-growing, mat-like herbaceous annual with succulent round leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 12 inches (30 cm).
Claytonia sibirica
Siberian Spring Beauty
Low-growing delicate herb.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Cornus stolonifera
Red-osier Dogwood
Spreading, thicket-forming shrub with bright red stems.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 20 feet (6 meters).
Cornus unalaschkensis
Bunchberry
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Corylus cornuta
Beaked Hazelnut
Slender, multi-trunked deciduous shrub.
Prefers well-drained sites, can occur in dry soils.
Height: 3 feet - 13 feet (1 meter - 4 meters).
Crataegus douglasii
black hawthorn
large shrub or small tree with clusters of white flowers and dark purplish-black berries.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted Hairgrass
Densely tufted perennial grass.
Can no tolerate year-round inundation.
Height: Up to 4 feet (120 cm) tall.
Dicentra formosa
Bleeding Heart
Hairless, soft stems and light green lacy leaves overtopped by small nodding clusters of pink heart-shaped flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
Disporum hookeri
Hooker's Fairybells
Rhizomatous perennial with sparsely branched stems and irregularly curled leaves with hanging white flowers beneath the upper leaves.
Prefers moist forest understory.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meters).
Dodecatheon hendersonii
Henderson's Shooting Star
Leafless stems topped with nodding star-shaped pink flowers. This is our only shooting star with oval leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
Dryopteris expansa
Spiny Wood Fern
A semi-evergreen fern of woodland areas with triangular fronds from a stout rhizome.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: To 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Elymus glaucus
Blue Wild-rye
Tufted perennial grass usually forming small clumps, 0.5 to 1.5 m tall.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 20-40 inches (0.5-1 meter).
Epilobium brachycarpum
Tall Annual Willowherb
Taprooted annual of dry, gravelly or disturbed sites.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 1-4 feet (30-120 cm) tall.
Epilobium watsonii
Watson's Willowherb
Erect herbaceous perennial with opposite leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 5 feet (150 cm).
Equisetum arvense
Field Horsetail
Succulent, hollow, jointed stems with whorls of branches.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 6-24 inches (15-60 cm).
Equisetum telmatiea
Giant Horsetail
More robust and larger than common horsetail. Sheaths around its sterile stems have 14-18 teeth.
common in areas with high water tables.
Height: 3-7.5 (10) feet tall; 1-2.3 (3) meters tall.
Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane
Short-lived perennial with erect stem-base and taproot or fibrous roots.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 2.25 feet (70 cm).
Eriophorum chamissonis
Chamisso's Cotton-grass
Extensive beds growing from spreading rhizomes or stolons with tufts of cotton-like seed heads.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Erythronium oregonum
White Fawn Lily
Showy white lily from segmented corm.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Flower stem up to 1 feet (30 cm) tall.
Erythronium revolutum
Pink fawn lily
Large nodding pink flowers grow from a thick and segmented corm.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Fragaria chiloensis
Coastal Strawberry
Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
Never found far from the sea.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry
A wild strawberry with thin leaves, low, short runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Fragaria virginiana
Wild strawberry
Low growing wild strawberry with runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Fraxinus latifolia
Oregon Ash
Tough-wooded tree with gray bark and compound leaflets arranged oppositely around twigs.
Prefers to be near streams or areas that flood.
Height: Up to 82 feet (25 meters).
Fritillaria lanceolata
Chocolate Lily, Rice Root
Rare herb to 80 cm tall from bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets; flowers are mottled maroon and yellow.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Galium aparine
Cleavers, Bedstraw
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Galium trifidum
Small Bedstraw
Sprawling perennial with numerous stems from slender rhizomes.
FACW+
Height: up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Gaultheria shallon
Salal
Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 16 feet (5 meters) in exceptional cases but typically 3-7 feet (1-2 m) tall.
Geum macrophyllum
Large-leaved Avens
Hairy perennial with short rhizomes and big leaves topped by small yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meters).
Gilia capitata
Globe Gilia
Upright taprooted annual with large ball-like heads of blue flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Glyceria elata
Tall Mannagrass, Fowl Mannagrass
Tall wetland grass.
FACW+
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Glyceria grandis
Reed Mannagrass
very similar to G. elata
FACW+
Height: up to 5 feet (1.5 meters)
Goodyera oblongifolia
Rattlesnake Plantain
Evergreen orchid from short rhizomes with an unusual mottled leaf pattern.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (45 cm).
Grindelia integrifolia
Entire-leaved Gumweed
Seaside perennial with sticky heads of yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Can grow up to 32 inches (80 cm) in height.
Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Oak Fern
Delicate, deciduous fronds. Usually solitary, but often forms a mat of herbaceous cover in forests.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: To 16 inches (40 cm).
Heuchera micrantha
Small-flowered Alumroot
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray
Multi-stemmed upright shrub with ridged young stems and arching older stems with peeling bark. White flowers.
Common in dry and moist habitats.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Hordeum brachyantherum
Meadow Barley
Grass with erect stems that are bent at the base and sometimes hairy on the leaf sheaths.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 3 feet (90 cm).
Hydrophyllum tenuipes
Pacific Waterleaf
Single leafy, hairy stem grows from rhizomes and fleshy fibrous roots; with small clusters of greenish-white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Iris tenax
Oregon Iris
Clumped, perennial iris with large purple flowers.
Prefers areas that are wet in spring and dry in summer.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Juncus tenuis
Slender Rush
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Larix occidentalis
Western Larch
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Ledum groenlandicum
Labrador Tea
Evergreen, branching shrub with rusty-hairy leaf undersides and white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Lilium columbianum
Tiger Lily
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Linnaea borealis
Twinflower
Trailing, slender, semi-woody, with short erect leafy stems and dainty bell-shaped flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 4 inches (10 cm).
Lomatium utriculatum
Spring Gold
Perennial herb with finely lacey foliage and flat-topped umbels of bright yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Lonicera ciliosa
Orange Honeysuckle
Climbing vine with clusters of tubular bright orange flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Typically up to 20 feet (6 meters).
Lonicera involucrata
Twinberry
Tall shrub with opposite leaves and pairs of small yellow flowers in leaf axils.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters tall).
Luetkea pectinata
Partridgefoot
Low-growing ground cover with spikes of small white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 6 inches (3 cm) tall.
Lupinus polyphyllus
Large-leaved Lupine
A large perennial native forb with spikes of blue flowers from one to many hairy stems.
Moist to wet.
Height: 3-6 feet (1-2 meters).
Lysichiton americanum
Skunk Cabbage
A wetland plant with very large waxy erect leaves and yellow flower spikes enclosed in a large yellow sheath.
Prefers wet habitat.
Height: 1-5 feet (30-150 cm).
Mahonia aquifolium
Tall Oregon Grape
Erect, stiff-branched shrub with holly-like leaves and clusters of yellow flowers.
More tolerant of drier sites than Mahonia nervosa.
Height: 2.5 - 6.5 feet (0.8 meters - 2 meters).
Mahonia nervosa
Dull Oregon Grape
Low-growing creeping shrub with dark green holly-like leaves and slender spikes of yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm) tall.
Maianthemum dilatatum
False Lily-of-the-Valley
Quickly spreading ground cover with attractive glossy green leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon's Seal
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Maianthemum stellatum
Starflowered False Solomon's Seal
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Malus fusca
Pacific Crabapple
Small tree, slender in form, appears thorny; bushy in the open.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 16.5-40 feet (5-12 meters).
Mentha arvensis
Field Mint
A wild mint with small groups of light purple flowers in the leaf axils.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Mimulus lewisii
Pink Monkey-flower
A clump forming perennial with large pinkish-red flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Oemleria cerasiformis
Indian Plum, Osoberry
Deciduous shrub producing clusters of white flowers in very early spring. One of the earliest plants to bloom.
Tolerant of fluctuating water tables.
Height: 16.5 feet (5 meters).
Oplopanax horridus
Devil's Club
An erect to sprawling shrub with thick, spiny, crooked stems and very large leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Oxalis oregana
Wood Sorrel
A delicate herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Penstemon davidsonii
Davidson's Penstemon
Low mat-forming perennial with small evergreen leaves and large blue-purple tubular flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) tall.
Penstemon serrulatus
Coast Penstemon
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Petasites palmatus
Palmate Coltsfoot
Many-stemmed perennial with umbrella-like leaves from creeping rhizomes.
FACW-
Height: Up to 30 inches (80 cm).
Philadelphus lewisii
Mock Orange
Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Phlox diffusa
Spreading Phlox
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific Ninebark
Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Picea sitchensis
Sitka spruce
Large tree with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 200 feet (60 meters) tall.
Pinus contorta
Shore Pine
Short pine tree, often with crooked trunk and bushy habit.
Tolerant of salt spray.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Platanthera dilatata
White Rein-Orchid, Bog Candle
Perennial orchid with spikes of white flowers from tuber-like roots.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Plectritis congesta
Sea Blush
Delicate annual herb with large dense clusters of small pink flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Polystichum munitum
Sword Fern
A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Populus balsamifera
Black Cottonwood
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Populus tremuloides
Quaking Aspen
Deciduous thicket-forming tree with smooth white bark and leaves that "quake" in the wind.
Can tolerate a wide range of moisture levels.
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Silverweed
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Potentilla gracilis
Graceful Cinquefoil
Light green herb with toothed palmate leaves and diffuse panicles of yellow, saucer-shaped flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Self Heal
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Bitter Cherry
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 50 feet (15 meters).
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir
Large coniferous tree with thick, fluted bark.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 300 feet (90 meters).
Pteridium aquilinum
Bracken Fern
Rhizomous perennial fern with large, much-divided solitary fronds,
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Usually 3-6 feet (1-2 meters) tall, sometimes taller.
Pyrola asarifolia
Pink Wintergreen
A small woodland herb with a basal clump of glossy green leaves and slender spikes of pink flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Ranunculus occidentalis
Western Buttercup
Slender perennial herb with fibrous roots and yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Rhamnus purshiana
Cascara
Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
FAC-
Height: Up to 33 feet (10 meters).
Rhododendron macrophyllum
Pacific Rhododendron
Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 26 feet (8 meters) if grown in shade; shorter and bushier in sunlight.
Ribes lacustre
Black Gooseberry
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Rorippa curvisiliqua
Curvepod Yellowcress
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Rosa gymnocarpa
Baldhip Rose
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Common in moist and dry habitats.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Rosa nutkana
Nootka Rose
Spindly shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Rosa pisocarpa
Swamp Rose
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Rubus spectabilis
Salmonberry
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Rubus ursinus
Trailing Blackberry
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 20 inches (50 cm).
Salix lucida
Pacific Willow
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Salix sitchensis
Sitka Willow
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Sambucus racemosa
Red Elderberry
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 20 feet (6 meters).
Scirpus microcarpus
Small-flowered Bulrush
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Sisyrinchium californicum
Golden-eyed Grass
A small iris-like plant with yellow flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Sisyrinchium idahoense
Blue-eyed Grass
A small clump-forming iris-like plant with small blue flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 28 inches (40 cm).
Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod
Forms patches from long creeping rhizomes. Stems leafy and hairy near the top, with a dense cluster of small yellow flowers.
Common in dry and moist habitats.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Sorbus sitchensis
Sitka-Mountain Ash
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Spiraea densiflora
Subalpine Spirea
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Spiraea douglasii
Douglas' Spirea
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Stachys cooleyae
Cooley's Hedge Nettle
Perennial from rhizomes.
Prefers moist habitat, common along coast.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Streptopus amplexifolius
Clasping Twisted Stalk
Perennial herb with a branched zigzagging stem and dangling white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 3 feet (1 meter).
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Can tolerate fluctuating water tables.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Taxus brevifolia
Western Yew
Low-growing conifer with deep red-brown bark, flattened sprays of needles, and red berry-like cones.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Tellima grandiflora
Fringecup
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Thuja plicata
Western Red Cedar
Large conifer with branches that droop and then turn back up (J-shaped), broad crowns.
Can establish in drier sites with rich soils.
Height: 100-230 feet (30-70 meters).
Tiarella trifoliata
Foamflower
Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 2 feet (60 cm).
Tolmiea menziesii
Piggy-back Plant
A woodland herb whose leaves give rise to small plantlets.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Trientalis latifolia
Broad-leaved Starflower
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Trillium ovatum
Western Trillium
Short stout stems topped with a whorl of three leaves and a single large white flower.
Preferred moisture levels: wet, moist.
Height: 12-18 inches (30-45 cm).
Tsuga heterophylla
Western hemlock
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Tsuga mertensiana
Mountain Hemlock
Slow growing evergreen conifer.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: Up to 40 meters (130 ft) tall, but often shorter.
Urtica dioica
Stinging Nettle
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Vaccinium ovatum
Evergreen huckleberry
Bushy shrub with small shiny green evergreen leaves and small clusters of pink bell-shaped flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: Up to 4 meters (13 ft) tall.
Vaccinium parvifolium
Red Huckleberry
Delicately branched shrub with small red huckleberries, suitable for shady areas on decaying wood.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 4-10 feet (1.5-3 meters).
Vancouveria hexandra
Inside-out Flower
Rhizomatous perennial with small white flowers and delicate leaves.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Viburnum edule
High Bush Cranberry
Shrub with bright red berries and brilliant fall foliage.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Height: 3-9 feet (1-3 meters) tall.
Viola adunca
Early-blue Violet
A blue flowered violet that grows from slender rhizomes and is stemless in the early season, later grow upright stem.
Common in dry and moist habitats.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Viola glabella
Yellow Wood Violet
An attractive yellow-flowered violet of moist open woodlands.
Preferred moisture levels: moist.
Xerophyllum tenax
Beargrass
Forms a tall grass-like clump of tough leaves topped by a large dense cluster of white flowers.
Preferred moisture levels: moist, dry.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.