Native Plants for Organic Soils
Grows low to the ground, spreading by rhizomes to form dense ground cover in shady areas.
Height: To 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Maidenhair Fern, Aleutian maidenhair, western maidenhair, serpentine maidenhair
Small to medium-sized delicate, deciduous fern with a fan-shaped arrangement of five to seven fingerlike branchlets each bearing many toothed leaflets.
Prefers humus rich soils and well-drained, moist sites. Tolerant of serpentine soils.
Height: 6-43 inches (15-110 cm).
Low-growing evergreen perennial that smells strongly of lemon-ginger when crushed.
Prefers rich soils.
Height: Can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall.
Dark green fern leaves grow in tufts from short, stout rhizomes.
Height: Up to 40 inches (1 meter) tall.
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Can tolerate nitrogen-poor soils.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Spiny Wood Fern
A semi-evergreen fern of woodland areas with triangular fronds from a stout rhizome.
Height: To 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Tough-wooded tree with gray bark and compound leaflets arranged oppositely around twigs.
Prefers saturated .
Height: Up to 82 feet (25 meters).
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Starflowered False Solomon's Seal
A delicate herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Prefers humus-rich soils.
Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
Height: 2 feet (60 cm).
A woodland herb whose leaves give rise to small plantlets.
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Short stout stems topped with a whorl of three leaves and a single large white flower.
Typically on sloped topography.
Height: 12-18 inches (30-45 cm).
Slow growing evergreen conifer.
Height: Up to 40 meters (130 ft) tall, but often shorter.
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Prefers nutrient-rich soils.
Delicately branched shrub with small red huckleberries, suitable for shady areas on decaying wood.
Needs well decayed wood or bark; usually grows on old stumps and logs.
Height: 4-10 feet (1.5-3 meters).
Yellow Wood Violet
An attractive yellow-flowered violet of moist open woodlands.
A creeping violet with evergreen leaves and yellow flowers.
The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.