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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects



Campanula rotundifolia

Harebell

Flowering Period: Jul, Aug July August
Flower color: purple Flower color: blue
Full sun Mostly sunny


At a Glance: Delicate stems topped by large, nodding bell-shaped blue flowers.

Height: 4-32 inches (10-80 cm).
Growth Form: Herb.
Stems: 1 to several stems, leafy, ascending or erect, more or less hairless; plant height varies greatly with elevation.
Leaves: Basal leaves are heart-shaped, stalked, coarsely toothed, usually withering before flowers appear. Stem leaves are alternate, linear to narrowly lance-shaped, 1.5-8 cm long, margins can be saw-toothed.
Flowers: Large, nodding bell-shaped blue or purplish-blue flowers (rarely white); sepals hairy at fused base with awl-shaped lobes; 5 fused petals. Flowers single several on thin, wiry stalks atop stem. Size: 1.5-3 cm (.6-1 in) long.
Flowering Period: July, August.
Fruits: Cylindrical to reverse-cone-shaped capsules, opening by pores; numerous flattened seeds.

Campanula rotundifolia
Photo © Ben Legler
Click to view larger Click to view larger


Sun/Shade Tolerance Hydrology Elevation Range
full sun > 80%
mostly sunny 60%-80%
partial sun and shade 40%- 60%
mostly shady 60%-80%
full shade > 80%

(data not available)

Wetland Indicator Status:
NI (no indicator data)
low elevation
mid elevation
sub-alpine
high elevation


Soil Preferences
(data not available)

Habitat Preferences
Aquatic and Wetland:
Ponds or lakes
Shallow pools
Sloughs
Swales or wet ditches
Seasonally inundated areas
Marshes or swamps
Aquatic bed wetlands
Emergent wetlands
Scrub-shrub wetlands
Forested wetlands
Bogs, fens
Seeps, springs
Shorelines and Riparian:
Lake shores
Bog margins
Streams or rivers
Stream or river banks
Riparian corridors
River bars
Floodplains
Bottomlands
Alluvial areas
Saltwater Areas:
In or near saltwater
Mud flats
Tidal areas
Estuaries
Saltmarshes
Brackish water
Seashores
Coastal dunes or beaches
Rocky or Gravelly Areas:
Coastal bluffs
Cliffs
Rocky slopes
Outcrops
Crevices
Glacial outwash
Gullies
Slide areas
Sub-alpine and Alpine:
Heaths
Snow beds
Tundra
Avalanche tracks
Forests and Thickets:
Forests and woods
Open forests
Coniferous forests
Old growth forests
Deciduous forests
Mixed forests
Nurse logs
Forest edges, openings, or clearings
Thickets
Meadows and Fields:
Pastures or fields
Meadows or grassy areas
Mossy areas
Disturbed Areas:
Roadsides
Trailsides
Logged sites
Burned areas
Disturbed sites

Wildlife Value
Berries
Seeds
Nectar for hummingbirds
Nectar for butterflies
Host for insect larvae
Thickets and shelter
Thorny or protective cover

Birds: Hummingbirds visit the campanula flowers.
Insects: Bumblebees and swallowtail butterflies visit the campanula flowers.


Ethnobotanical Uses and Other Facts
(data not available)


Suggested References



The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.