At a Glance: Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
|Sun/Shade Tolerance||Hydrology||Elevation Range||
full sun > 80%
mostly sunny 60%-80%
partial sun and shade 40%- 60%
mostly shady 60%-80%
full shade > 80%
|Never found far from the sea.
|Commonly found on dunes and sea bluffs.|
well drained soils
nutrient rich soils
nutrient poor soils
Aquatic and Wetland:
Ponds or lakes
Swales or wet ditches
Seasonally inundated areas
Marshes or swamps
Aquatic bed wetlands
Seeps, springsShorelines and Riparian:
Streams or rivers
Stream or river banks
In or near saltwater
Coastal dunes or beachesRocky or Gravelly Areas:
Slide areasSub-alpine and Alpine:
Forests and Thickets:
Forests and woods
Old growth forests
Forest edges, openings, or clearings
ThicketsMeadows and Fields:
Pastures or fields
Meadows or grassy areas
Mossy areasDisturbed Areas:
Nectar for hummingbirds
Nectar for butterflies
Host for insect larvae
Thickets and shelter
Thorny or protective cover
Birds: Robins, towhees, pine grosbeaks, waxwings, and grouse eat the fruit.
Insects: Sara orangetip butterflies are attracted by the flowers.
Mammals: Deer feed on the berries. Fruit eaten by mice and other small mammals.
|Ethnobotanical Uses and Other Facts||
Material Uses: Stlatlimx girls made headbands and belts out of braided runners.
Medicinal Uses: The Quileute chewed the leaves and applied them as a poultice on burns; the Skokomish made tea from the entire plant for diarrhea; the Haida used the leaves as an ingredient in a female tonic;
Food Uses: Strawberries eaten fresh, not dried because they are too juicy; the Saanich and Mainland Comox steeped the leaves to make a sweet, clear tea.
Landscape Uses: Nice, low-growing ground cover. Can be mown and walked on.
Name Info: Common name is accurate, it usually only grows in coastal areas.
- Gunther, E. 1973. 2nd ed. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press. Page 36.
- Hickman, J.C., ed. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press. Page 952.
- Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist. 1973. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. Page 211.
- Link, R. 1999. Landscaping for Wildlife in the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. Page 272.
- Lyons, C., W. Merilees. Trees and Shrubs to Know in Washington and British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing. Page 172.
- Pojar, J., A. Mackinnon. 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Lone Pine Publishing. Page 183.
- Turner, N.AJ. 1975. Food Plants of British Columbia Indians: part 1, Coastal Peoples. British Columbia Provincial Museum. Page 218.
The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.