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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects



Stachys cooleyae

Cooley's Hedge Nettle

Flowering Period: Jun, Jul, Aug June July August
Flower color: red
Partial sun
Moist soil


At a Glance: Perennial from rhizomes.

Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Growth Form: Herb.
Stems: Erect stems, leafy, simple or branched, square in cross-section, hairy/fuzzy.
Leaves: Opposite arrangement; hairy/fuzzy curved bristles on upper and lower surfaces, stalked, coarsely toothed along edges; petioles are 1.5-4.5 cm long; shape: deltoid; size: 4-16 cm long; color: green.
Flowers: Several to many in open terminal cluster; hairy, stalkless; sepals united in a tube with 5 spine-tipped lobes; petals fused into a two-lipped tube, the lower lip is 3-lobed; 4 stamens; 4-lobed ovary; primary color: deep red to purple; size: 23-40 mm long; shape: tubular.
Flowering Period: June, July, August.
Fruits: 4 nutlets.

Stachys cooleyae
Photo © 2003, Starflower Foundation
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Sun/Shade Tolerance Hydrology Elevation Range
Common in open or in forest under story.

full sun > 80%
mostly sunny 60%-80%
partial sun and shade 40%- 60%
mostly shady 60%-80%
full shade > 80%

Prefers moist habitat, common along coast.

wet
moist
dry

Wetland Indicator Status:
FACW (facultative wetland)
Only common at lower elevations.

low elevation
mid elevation
sub-alpine
high elevation


Soil Preferences
Prefers nutrient rich, mucky, peaty soils.
sandy soils
gravelly soils
clay soils
muddy soils
peaty soils
well drained soils
shallow soils
deep soils
acidic soils
basic soils
humic soils
nutrient rich soils
nutrient poor soils
mineral soils
organic soils

Habitat Preferences
Aquatic and Wetland:
Ponds or lakes
Shallow pools
Sloughs
Swales or wet ditches
Seasonally inundated areas
Marshes or swamps
Aquatic bed wetlands
Emergent wetlands
Scrub-shrub wetlands
Forested wetlands
Bogs, fens
Seeps, springs
Shorelines and Riparian:
Lake shores
Bog margins
Streams or rivers
Stream or river banks
Riparian corridors
River bars
Floodplains
Bottomlands
Alluvial areas
Saltwater Areas:
In or near saltwater
Mud flats
Tidal areas
Estuaries
Saltmarshes
Brackish water
Seashores
Coastal dunes or beaches
Rocky or Gravelly Areas:
Coastal bluffs
Cliffs
Rocky slopes
Outcrops
Crevices
Glacial outwash
Gullies
Slide areas
Sub-alpine and Alpine:
Heaths
Snow beds
Tundra
Avalanche tracks
Forests and Thickets:
Forests and woods
Open forests
Coniferous forests
Old growth forests
Deciduous forests
Mixed forests
Nurse logs
Forest edges, openings, or clearings
Thickets
Meadows and Fields:
Pastures or fields
Meadows or grassy areas
Mossy areas
Disturbed Areas:
Roadsides
Trailsides
Logged sites
Burned areas
Disturbed sites

Wildlife Value
Berries
Seeds
Nectar for hummingbirds
Nectar for butterflies
Host for insect larvae
Thickets and shelter
Thorny or protective cover

Birds: The showy, bright tubular flowers and frequently visited by several species of hummingbirds.


Ethnobotanical Uses and Other Facts
Material Uses: Nuu-chah-nulth fishermen wiped their hands on this plant before handling their gear.
Medicinal Uses: The Saanich peoples made spring tonic by steeping the crushed rhizomes in boiling water. The Green River and Puyallup peoples used the hedge nettle to cure boils. The Quileute used the hedge nettle to cure rheumatism.
Food Uses: The Haida used to chew on the young stems. The Quinalt peoples sucked the nectar from the flowers and covered steaming sprouts with hedge nettle plants to aid in the steaming process.


Suggested References



The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.