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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Index of Scientific Names

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z
Penstemon davidsonii
Davidson's Penstemon
Low mat-forming perennial with small evergreen leaves and large blue-purple tubular flowers.
Height: 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) tall.
Leaves evergreen.
Penstemon fruticosus
Lowbush Penstemon
Spreading shrub with numerous tubular purple flowers.
Height: Up to 40 cm (1.5 ft) tall.
Leaves evergreen,deciduous.
Penstemon serrulatus
Coast Penstemon
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Petasites palmatus
Palmate Coltsfoot
Many-stemmed perennial with umbrella-like leaves from creeping rhizomes.
Height: Up to 30 inches (80 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Philadelphus lewisii
Mock Orange
Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Phlox diffusa
Spreading Phlox
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific Ninebark
Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Picea sitchensis
Sitka spruce
Large tree with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets
Height: Up to 200 feet (60 meters) tall.
Leaves evergreen.
Pinus contorta
Shore Pine
Short pine tree, often with crooked trunk and bushy habit.
Height: Up to 100 feet (30 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Platanthera dilatata
White Rein-Orchid, Bog Candle
Perennial orchid with spikes of white flowers from tuber-like roots.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Plectritis congesta
Sea Blush
Delicate annual herb with large dense clusters of small pink flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Polemonium pulcherrimum
Showy Jacob's-ladder
Taprooted perennial with mostly basal leaves and blue bell-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Polystichum munitum
Sword Fern
A large attractive fern with erect evergreen fronds forming a circular crown.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Populus balsamifera
Black Cottonwood
Leaves deciduous.
Populus tremuloides
Quaking Aspen
Deciduous thicket-forming tree with smooth white bark and leaves that "quake" in the wind.
Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Silverweed
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla gracilis
Graceful Cinquefoil
Light green herb with toothed palmate leaves and diffuse panicles of yellow, saucer-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla palustris
Marsh Cinquefoil
Perennial from long, creeping, often floating, somewhat woody rhizomes, with small maroon flowers.
Height: Ip to 3 feet (1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Self Heal
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Bitter Cherry
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Height: Up to 50 feet (15 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir
Large coniferous tree with thick, fluted bark.
Height: Up to 300 feet (90 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Pteridium aquilinum
Bracken Fern
Rhizomous perennial fern with large, much-divided solitary fronds,
Height: Usually 3-6 feet (1-2 meters) tall, sometimes taller.
Leaves deciduous.
Pyrola asarifolia
Pink Wintergreen
A small woodland herb with a basal clump of glossy green leaves and slender spikes of pink flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Quercus garryana
Garry Oak
Beautiful, deciduous, heavy limbed oak tree.
Height: Up to 82 feet (25 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Ranunculus occidentalis
Western Buttercup
Slender perennial herb with fibrous roots and yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup
A much-branched herb of wet areas, with tiny yellow flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Rhamnus purshiana
Cascara
Erect, tall shrub or small tree with alternate leaves and inconspicuous flower clusters.
Height: Up to 33 feet (10 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rhododendron macrophyllum
Pacific Rhododendron
Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Height: Up to 26 feet (8 meters) if grown in shade; shorter and bushier in sunlight.
Leaves evergreen.
Ribes lacustre
Black Gooseberry
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Ribes sanguineum
Red Flowering Currant
Erect, multi-stemmed shrub with showy clusters of deep pink flowers in early spring.
Height: 3-10 feet (1-3 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rorippa curvisiliqua
Curvepod Yellowcress
Leaves deciduous.
Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress
Leaves deciduous.
Rosa gymnocarpa
Baldhip Rose
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rosa nutkana
Nootka Rose
Spindly shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rosa pisocarpa
Swamp Rose
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry
Unarmed spreading shrub with large white flowers. Usually forms dense thickets.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rubus spectabilis
Salmonberry
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Rubus ursinus
Trailing Blackberry
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Height: 20 inches (50 cm).
Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.