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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Index of Scientific Names

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z
Sagittaria latifolia
Wapato, Arrowhead
Tall semi-aquatic perennial of marshes or lake margins, with large arrowhead shaped leaves and small white flowers.
Height: 3 feet (90 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Salix lucida
Pacific Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Salix piperi
Piper's Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Salix sitchensis
Sitka Willow
Leaves deciduous.
Sambucus racemosa
Red Elderberry
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
Height: 20 feet (6 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush
Leaves deciduous.
Scirpus maritimus
Seacoast Bulrush
Leaves deciduous.
Scirpus microcarpus
Small-flowered Bulrush
Leaves deciduous.
Sedum lanceolatum
Lance-leaved Stonecrop
Leaves deciduous.
Sedum oreganum
Oregon Stonecrop
Leaves deciduous.
Sedum spathulifolium
Broad-leaved Stonecrop
Leaves evergreen.
Sisyrinchium californicum
Golden-eyed Grass
A small iris-like plant with yellow flowers.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Sisyrinchium idahoense
Blue-eyed Grass
A small clump-forming iris-like plant with small blue flowers.
Height: 28 inches (40 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Sium suave
Water-parsnip
Leaves deciduous.
Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod
Forms patches from long creeping rhizomes. Stems leafy and hairy near the top, with a dense cluster of small yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Sorbus sitchensis
Sitka-Mountain Ash
Leaves deciduous.
Sparganium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Bur-reed
Leaves deciduous.
Sparganium eurycarpum
Broadfruit Bur-reed
Leaves deciduous.
Spiraea densiflora
Subalpine Spirea
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Leaves deciduous.
Spiraea douglasii
Douglas' Spirea
Leaves deciduous.
Stachys cooleyae
Cooley's Hedge Nettle
Perennial from rhizomes.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Streptopus amplexifolius
Clasping Twisted Stalk
Perennial herb with a branched zigzagging stem and dangling white flowers.
Height: 3 feet (1 meter).
Leaves deciduous.
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Leaves deciduous.
Taxus brevifolia
Western Yew
Low-growing conifer with deep red-brown bark, flattened sprays of needles, and red berry-like cones.
Leaves evergreen.
Tellima grandiflora
Fringecup
Leaves deciduous.
Thuja plicata
Western Red Cedar
Large conifer with branches that droop and then turn back up (J-shaped), broad crowns.
Height: 100-230 feet (30-70 meters).
Leaves evergreen.
Tiarella trifoliata
Foamflower
Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
Height: 2 feet (60 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Tolmiea menziesii
Piggy-back Plant
A woodland herb whose leaves give rise to small plantlets.
Leaves deciduous.
Trientalis latifolia
Broad-leaved Starflower
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Trillium ovatum
Western Trillium
Short stout stems topped with a whorl of three leaves and a single large white flower.
Height: 12-18 inches (30-45 cm).
Leaves deciduous.
Tsuga heterophylla
Western hemlock
Leaves evergreen.
Tsuga mertensiana
Mountain Hemlock
Slow growing evergreen conifer.
Height: Up to 40 meters (130 ft) tall, but often shorter.
Leaves evergreen.
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
A tall wetland plant with long, erect sword-like leaves and dense brown flower spikes.
Leaves deciduous.
Urtica dioica
Stinging Nettle
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.