HOME

About WNPS
Administration
Calendar
Contact WNPS
History
How to Donate
Membership
Online Store

Activities
Conservation
Ecosystems
Education
Landscaping
Native Plant Lists
Publications
Research
Restoration

Local Chapters
Field Trips
Programs
Plant Sales
Volunteer

Photo Gallery

Priorities
Garry Oak
Invasive Species
Shrub-Steppe

Programs
Growing Wild
Ivy OUT
WNPS Stewards

An Affiliate of

Earthshare of Washington

Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects


Native Plants that flower in summer (June, July, or August)

Acer circinatum
Vine Maple
Tall, erect, multi-trunked shrub or small tree with sprawling branches.
Height: 13-26 feet (4-8 meters)
Blooms May, Jun. Flowers grow in small loose clusters at the end of shoots. Flower sepals are purple and red, hairy and spreading; petals are creamy white with purple/red highlights. Flower size: 6-9 mm across.
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow
Aromatic herb with delicate fern-like leaves and flat-topped clusters of white flowers.
Height: 4 inches to 3 feet (10-100 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct. Flowers are arranged in flat-topped clusters 5-10 cm (2-4 in) across at stem tips. What appear to be single flowers within this cluster are actually tight heads of several tiny flowers, each head with 3-5 white ray flowers surrounding several yellow disk flowers; both ray and disk flowers produce seeds. The ray flowers are usually white but can also be pink or reddish. Flowers bloom later at higher elevations.
Achlys triphylla
Vanilla Leaf
Grows low to the ground, spreading by rhizomes to form dense ground cover in shady areas.
Height: To 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Blooms Mar, Apr, May, Jun. The flowers which lack sepals and petals have 8-20 long white stamens that form a showy white spike that is positioned above the center point of the leaves; spike size: 2-7 cm (.8-2.75 in) long by 1 cm thick.
Alisma plantago-aquatica
Broadleaf Water-Plantain
A terminal cluster of small white flowers sits above a tall leafless stem. It grows in marshy or semi-aquatic environments.
Height: up to 48 inches (120 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Whorls of small white (rarely pink) flowers are arranged in an open, branched, terminal cluster that sticks up well beyond the leaves. Flowers only open in the afternoon and evening. Flower size: 5 mm long.
Allium acuminatum
Taper-Tip Onion
This native wild onion has grass-like basal leaves overtopped by umbels of purple flowers, and egg-shaped bulbs containing a fibrous network on the surface.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. In umbels at stem tips. Each umbel consists of 7-25 flowers that grow from stalks (pedicels) arising from a common point and spread out like the spokes of an umbrella. The flowers are primarily rose-colored but occasionally white. A distinguishing characteristic of this plant is that the tepals (petals) turn back at the tips. The umbel has two bracts underneath.
Allium cernuum
Nodding Onion
Clusters of long grass-like leaves overtopped by nodding umbels of pink flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. The pink to rose-purple, bell-shaped flowers are in umbrella shaped clusters with bracts below the umbel. The name nodding onion comes from the fact that the flower umbels bend over at the top of the stem and points downward toward the ground.
Anaphalis margaritacea
Pearly Everlasting
Clump forming, perennial herb with small withering basal leaves and papery white flower clusters.
Height: Up to 40 inches (100 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Flowers are very small with yellowish disk flowers surrounded by dry pearly white involucral bracts with dark triangular bases. The flowers which can be male or female appear in late summer. Flowers are in desne flat-topped clusters 15 cm (6 in) across.
Aquilegia formosa
Red Columbine
Delicate perennial with large nodding, star-shaped, spurred flowers that are a favorite of hummingbirds.
Height: Can grow up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flowers have 5 long, straight red spurs with bulbous, glandular tips. Stamens and styles protrude from a central tuft. Each plant usually has 2-5 drooping flowers; primary color: red with yellow tinge.
Aruncus dioicus
Goat's Beard
Tall perennial herb topped with large feathery clusters of white flowers, grows from rhizomes and has multiple stems.
Height: Can grow up to 6.5 feet (2 meters) tall.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Male and female flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers are densely packed in elongated terminal feathery clusters. Flower branchlets are spike-like. Each saucer-shaped flower is white to cream with petals to about 1 mm long.
Asarum caudatum
Wild Ginger
Low-growing evergreen perennial that smells strongly of lemon-ginger when crushed.
Height: Can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall.
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. The solitary purplish-brown to greenish-yellow flowers occur on 1-3 cm long stalks near ground level and have 3 flaring sepal-like lobes that taper to long points and are fused at the base. Note: flowers are often concealed by leaves. Size: up to 5 cm across; shape: bell-shaped.
Aster chilensis
Common California Aster
A slender, sprawling perennial that produces light purple flowers.
Height: Can grow up to 3 ft. (100 cm.)
Blooms Aug, Sep. Each flower has 15-40 lavender to white ray flowers that range from 5-15 mm long with numerous small yellow disk flowers in the center. Each composite flower head is cupped by a green involucral of bracts that are 5-7 mm high and mostly blunt at the tip. The ray flowers of this plant are often mistaken for petals. The center of the flower contains tiny, tubular disk flowers.
Aster modestus
Great Northern Aster
A tall, much-branched perennial with numerous heads of purplish flowers.
Height: Grows up to 40 inches (100 cm).
Blooms Jul, Aug. Each flowerhead contains 20-45 very narrow ray flowers surrounding a center of numerous disk flowers. Ray flowers are violet or purple; disk flowers are yellow to greenish. Beneath the flowers are the involucres - narrowly lance-shaped, spotted bracts that range between 7-11 mm high. Note: The bracts have small glands.
Aster subspicatus
Douglas Aster
Rhizomatous perennial wildflower with much-branched stems and light purple aster-like flower heads.
Height: Grows up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Blooms Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct. Ray flowers are blue to purple and disk flowers are yellow. Size: ray flowers are 1-2 cm long. A distinguishing characterisitic of Douglas aster is its thick overlapping bracts beneath each flower head. Also, outer margins of thegracts have a thin, transparent (waxy/papery) look.
Boykinia occidentalis
Slender Boykinia
A slender herb with open panicles of small white flowers.
Height: Up to 24 inches (60 cm).
Blooms Jun. Numerous flowers in a much-branched inflorescence. Each flower is densely glandular and reddish, with five white, oblong to oval petals.
Brodiaea congesta
Harvest Lily
Long slender stems to 3 feet (1 meter) in length topped by a dense cluster of deep purple flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Blooms May, Jun. Flowers appearing tight clusters at stem tips after the leave have withered. Primary color is deep purple; size: 4 cm (1.5 in).
Brodiaea hyacinthina
Fool's Onion, White Brodiaea
Onion-like plant from an underground corm, with large clusters of white flowers at tip of stems.
Height: 10-30 inches (25-70 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Aug. In large umbel at top of a slender stalk 25-70 cm (10-28 in) tall and surpassing leaves. 3-5 bracts below umbel are small and papery. Each braodly bell-shaped flower is white to light blue, with blue or green veins; size: 1-1.5 cm long.
Caltha biflora
Marsh Marigold
Perennial herb with large white flowers held above broadly rounded leaves; grows in wet subalpine meadows.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. 1-2 flowers emerging from a stem with one leaf. Flowers lack true petals but have 5-7 bright white sepals and many stamens. Fize: 1.5-4 cm (.6-1.5 in) across.
Caltha palustris
yellow marsh marigold
Large yellow flowers top this creeping, perennial, semi-aquatic herb.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Usually two flowers per stem; each flower has 5-12 yellow sepals and numerous stamens. Flower size: 1.5-4 cm (0.6-2 in) wide.
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
Delicate stems topped by large, nodding bell-shaped blue flowers.
Height: 4-32 inches (10-80 cm).
Blooms Jul, Aug. Large, nodding bell-shaped blue or purplish-blue flowers (rarely white); sepals hairy at fused base with awl-shaped lobes; 5 fused petals. Flowers single several on thin, wiry stalks atop stem. Size: 1.5-3 cm (.6-1 in) long.
Castilleja miniata
Red Paintbrush
An attractive wildflower with red brush-like flower clusters.
Height: 8-32 inches (20-80 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Inconspicuous greenish flowers are concealed by several, showy bright red/scarlet bracts; bracts are sharp pointed, toothed, and hairy; calyx lobes are sharp pointed. Flower shape: tubular.
Ceanothus velutinus
Snowbrush
A tall shrub with glossy leaves and clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flowers are arranged in pyramidal clusters 5-12 cm long along the length of side branches. EAch flower is tiny, white.
Cerastium arvense
Field Chickweed
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: white.
Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed
Tall perennial from rhizome like roots with unbranched stem and terminal spikes of large red to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters), but usually shorter than 6 feet (2 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Stalked, sepals 4, petals 4, stigma 4 lobed; several to many (15+) in long cluster atop stem; primary color: pink to red/purple; size: 2-4 cm (0.8-1.5 in) wide.
Clarkia amoena
Farewell to Spring
A taprooted annual with large showy, usually pink flowers; often grown horticulturally.
Height: 4 inches to 3 feet (10-100 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. Few to many flowers in loose, leafy-bracted clusters. Each flower has four petals, dark spotted in the center, 1-4 cm long, and 8 stamens. Primary color: pink to rose-purple; size: 6 cm (2.5 in) across.
Cornus stolonifera
Red-osier Dogwood
Spreading, thicket-forming shrub with bright red stems.
Height: Up to 20 feet (6 meters).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. The tiny flowers have 4 petals and 4 stamens; numerous in dense, flat-topped terminal clusters; primary color: white to greenish; size: 2-4 mm long.
Cornus unalaschkensis
Bunchberry
Low, trailing, rhizomatous perennial with white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. What looks like a single large flower is actually four white bracts with a small cluster of greenish-white flowers in the center. Each flower has 4 sepals, 4 stamens, 4 petals. May bloom twice (late spring and again in late summer). Size: 2.5 cm (1 in) across (including bracts).
Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted Hairgrass
Densely tufted perennial grass.
Height: Up to 4 feet (120 cm) tall.
Blooms Jun. Many minute flowers in an open, loose panicle 8-35 cm long, often nodding, silky. Spikelets bronze and glistening, usually darkening at maturity, 2-3 flowered. Lemmas thin (4mm long), hairy at base, awned from near base.
Dicentra formosa
Bleeding Heart
Hairless, soft stems and light green lacy leaves overtopped by small nodding clusters of pink heart-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
Blooms Mar, Apr, May, Jun. Pink to purplish heart shaped at base with 4 petals, outer 2 petals with short sac-like spur and spreading tip. 5-15 in drooping clusters atop stem.
Epilobium brachycarpum
Tall Annual Willowherb
Taprooted annual of dry, gravelly or disturbed sites.
Height: 1-4 feet (30-120 cm) tall.
Blooms Aug. Open panicles of flowers; primary color: pink or white; size: 0.25-0.5 in (3-12 mm).
Epilobium watsonii
Watson's Willowherb
Erect herbaceous perennial with opposite leaves.
Height: Up to 5 feet (150 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. White pink or rose purple, small; few to numerous in erect, leafy-bracted clusters atop stem. Primary color: white to pink to purple.
Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane
Short-lived perennial with erect stem-base and taproot or fibrous roots.
Height: Up to 2.25 feet (70 cm).
Blooms Jun. Numerous very narrow ray flowers; disk flowers yellow, involucres 4-6 mm high, bracts lance-oblong, with broad, clear margins, hairy on midvein or hairless; heads few to many; primary color: Ray flowers pink to purple to white; size: 2-3 cm (.8-1 in) wide; shape: disk shaped.
Eriophyllum lanatum
Woolly Sunflower
Wooly leafy perennial with yellow daisy-like flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. Daisy-like. Ray flowers 8-13, yellow, 1-2 cm long. Disk flowers yellow. Involucre 9-12 mm high, the bracts firm, erect, embracing the ray achenes. Heads single on long stalks; size: 3-5 cm (1-2 in) across.
Festuca rubra
Red Fescue
Perennial grass with thread-like leaves forming small patches.
Height: Can grow up to 4 feet (1.2 meters) tall.
Blooms Jun. Violet-colored panicles on purple stems; each spikelet 3/8-1/2" long.
Fragaria chiloensis
Coastal Strawberry
Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. 5-7 white petals; each plant has 5-9 flowers on leafless flowering stalks to 30 cm (12 in) tall; flower size: 3.5 cm (1.5 in) across.
Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry
A wild strawberry with thin leaves, low, short runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. 5-7 petals; each plant has 5-9 flowers on leafless flowering stalks to 30 cm tall; primary color: white-pink; size: 3.5 cm (1.5 in) across.
Fragaria virginiana
Wild strawberry
Low growing wild strawberry with runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. 5-7 white petals and a yellow center, leafless flowering stalk; size: 1.5 cm (.6 in) across.
Galium aparine
Cleavers, Bedstraw
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. Flower color: white.
Galium trifidum
Small Bedstraw
Sprawling perennial with numerous stems from slender rhizomes.
Height: up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Small whitish flowers in several to many clusters of 1-3 on long, narrow stalks from branch tips and axils of leaf whorls; size: 1-3 mm wide.
Gaultheria shallon
Salal
Creeping to erect shrub with hairy branching stems and dark leathery leaves.
Height: Up to 16 feet (5 meters) in exceptional cases but typically 3-7 feet (1-2 m) tall.
Blooms May, Jun. Occur in racemes of 5-15 urn-shaped flowers, all oriented in same direction; primary color: white-pinkish; size: 7-10 mm long.
Geum macrophyllum
Large-leaved Avens
Hairy perennial with short rhizomes and big leaves topped by small yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Saucer-shaped, petals to 6mm long, single or in a few-flowered cluster at the tips of the branches; primary color: bright-yellow.
Gilia capitata
Globe Gilia
Upright taprooted annual with large ball-like heads of blue flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Blooms Jun. Small, stalkless, and numerous in dense, bractless, ball-shaped heads at tips of stems and branches; primary color: light-blue; each flower is 6-10 mm long.
Glyceria elata
Tall Mannagrass, Fowl Mannagrass
Tall wetland grass.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. In a loose, open panicle with spreading branches 15-30 cm long; spikelets flattened, egg shaped outline, 6-8 flowered; glumes small, 1mm long or less; lemmas about 2 mm long, firm, prominently 7 veined.
Glyceria grandis
Reed Mannagrass
very similar to G. elata
Height: up to 5 feet (1.5 meters)
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. inflorescence is 20-40 cm long, loose, open, with numerous spreading branches, stames occasionally number 2 but usually 3; lemmas has obvious veins, spikelets 4-7 flowered; primary color: purplish; size: lemmas 2-3 mm long.
Goodyera oblongifolia
Rattlesnake Plantain
Evergreen orchid from short rhizomes with an unusual mottled leaf pattern.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (45 cm).
Blooms Jul, Aug. Petals and 1 of the sepals form a hood over the lip; numerous in long, dense, downy, terminal spike with most flowers oriented to one side; primary color: dull-white to greenish; size: to 1 cm. Does not bloom every year.
Grindelia integrifolia
Entire-leaved Gumweed
Seaside perennial with sticky heads of yellow flowers.
Height: Can grow up to 32 inches (80 cm) in height.
Blooms Jun. Flowe heads are hemispheric, with 10-35 yellow ray flowers and numerous yellow disk flowers; involucral bracts have sticky, glandular resin and long, slender spreading tips; size: ray: 8-20 mm long; disc head: 1-3 cm wide.
Helenium autumnale
Mountain Sneezeweed
Blooms Aug, Sep. Flower color: yellow.
Heuchera micrantha
Small-flowered Alumroot
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. White to cream colored, small, numerous, on thin stalks in large open groups; 5 stamens.
Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray
Multi-stemmed upright shrub with ridged young stems and arching older stems with peeling bark. White flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Flowers are in dense terminal pyramidal cluster, 10-17 cm long; 5 white petals, 20 stamens, mostly 5 pistils, ovary is two-ovuled; flower clusters turn brown and remain on plants over winter; primary color: white to cream; size: 5 mm across.
Hydrophyllum fendleri
Fendler's Waterleaf
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: white.
Iris tenax
Oregon Iris
Clumped, perennial iris with large purple flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. Sepals and petals to 6 cm (2.5 in) long; 1-2 flowers on each flowering stems; primary color: blue to purple with yellow/white highlights.
Kalmia microphylla ssp. occidentalis
Bog Laurel
Small, slender-branched shrub with dark green waxy leaves and clusters of bright pink flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Blooms May, Jun. Several in loose, terminal clusters; 10 stamens, the tip of each tucked into a small pouch in a petal, and held under tension like a bow; the stamens pop out when stimulated by touch; primary color: pink to rose; size: 2 cm (.8 in) across; shape: saucer-shaped.
Ledum groenlandicum
Labrador Tea
Evergreen, branching shrub with rusty-hairy leaf undersides and white flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. White, with protruding stamens, small; numerous, in short umbrella-like clusters; shape: saucer.
Lilium columbianum
Tiger Lily
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: orange.
Linnaea borealis
Twinflower
Trailing, slender, semi-woody, with short erect leafy stems and dainty bell-shaped flowers.
Height: 4 inches (10 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Fragrant trumpet-shaped nodding flowers born in pairs on a thin Y-shaped stalk; size: 2-5 mm.
Lonicera ciliosa
Orange Honeysuckle
Climbing vine with clusters of tubular bright orange flowers.
Height: Typically up to 20 feet (6 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Flowers narrowly trumpet-shaped flaring to 5 lobes, bright orange; in whorls above end-pair disks at stem tips; can become purple when drying; size: 2-4 cm (.8-1.5 in) long.
Lonicera hispidula
Hairy Honeysuckle
Clamboring vine with clusters of light purple tubular flowers.
Height: Up to 33 feet (10 meters) in trees.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Tubular flowers 1-2 cm long, pinkish-purple or rarely almost white.
Lonicera involucrata
Twinberry
Tall shrub with opposite leaves and pairs of small yellow flowers in leaf axils.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters tall).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Tubular, yellow; in pairs with a greenish to maroon papery bract at base of each pair.
Luetkea pectinata
Partridgefoot
Low-growing ground cover with spikes of small white flowers.
Height: Up to 6 inches (3 cm) tall.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Numerous small white flowes in dense spikes held above the leaves. Each flower has 5 white petals, 20 stamens, and 5 pistils.
Lupinus polyphyllus
Large-leaved Lupine
A large perennial native forb with spikes of blue flowers from one to many hairy stems.
Height: 3-6 feet (1-2 meters).
Blooms Jun. Shaped like a pea flower; flower stalks are short; primary color: bluish-purple, brown with age; vary from pale blue to dark violet or purple; occasionally all-white; arranged in spikes 12-28 inches long along upper section of main stem.
Maianthemum dilatatum
False Lily-of-the-Valley
Quickly spreading ground cover with attractive glossy green leaves.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. The small delicate white flowers are grouped in short spikes held just above the leaves.
Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon's Seal
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: white.
Maianthemum stellatum
Starflowered False Solomon's Seal
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: white.
Mentha arvensis
Field Mint
A wild mint with small groups of light purple flowers in the leaf axils.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: purple.
Mimulus guttatus
Yellow Monkey-flower
Large yellow tubular flowers top this deciduous-leaved wetland perennial.
Blooms Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Flower color: yellow.
Mimulus lewisii
Pink Monkey-flower
A clump forming perennial with large pinkish-red flowers.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: red,pink.
Myrica californica
Pacific Wax Myrtle
Tall shrub with small evergreen leaves.
Height: Up to 15 feet (5 meters) tall.
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: green.
Nothochelone nemorosa
Woodland Penstemon
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: pink,purple.
Nuphar luteum ssp. polysepalum
Yellow Pond-Lily
An aquatic water lily with large, round, floating leaves and fleshy, yellow flowers held at the water surface.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: yellow.
Oenanthe sarmentosa
Pacific Water Parsley
Semi-aquatic, often reclining or scrambling herb, with stem tips ascending or curled and small flat-topped clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 40 inches (1 meter).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Tiny flowers in 5-20 compact clusters on 1-3 cm long stalks subtended by 0-few, narrow, leafy bracts; primary color: white, sometimes pink tinged; size: small; shape: compound umbels.
Oplopanax horridus
Devil's Club
An erect to sprawling shrub with thick, spiny, crooked stems and very large leaves.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Arranged in pyramidal clusters to 20 cm long; primary color: greenish-white; flower size: 5-6 mm.
Oxalis oregana
Wood Sorrel
A delicate herb with clover-like leaves and white to pink flowers, forming carpets in forested areas.
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Flower color: white,pink.
Penstemon davidsonii
Davidson's Penstemon
Low mat-forming perennial with small evergreen leaves and large blue-purple tubular flowers.
Height: 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) tall.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Large blue-purple tubular flowers 1-3 cm long.
Penstemon fruticosus
Lowbush Penstemon
Spreading shrub with numerous tubular purple flowers.
Height: Up to 40 cm (1.5 ft) tall.
Blooms Jun, Jul. Large tubular purple flowers are produced in late spring or early summer, in spikes of 3-10 at tops of stems.
Penstemon serrulatus
Coast Penstemon
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Hairless, deep blue to dark purple tubular flowers on short stalks in 1 to several compact clusters at stem tips; 4 fertile stamens; size: 17-25 mm long.
Philadelphus lewisii
Mock Orange
Erect, loosely branched shrub with large fragrant white flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. 4 petals; numerous stamens; 3-15 in clusters at the end of lateral branches; size: 2-3 across.
Phlox diffusa
Spreading Phlox
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Showy; 5 sepals fused into whitened, long-hairy tube with sharp lobes; petals fused into tube 9-17 mm long, spreading flat into 5-9 mm long lobes, solitary and stalkless at ends of stems and branches; primary color: pink to lavender or whitish; size: 1.3 cm across.
Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific Ninebark
Erect to spreading shrub up to 4 meters tall with clusters of white flowers.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. White, small, 5 petals, about 30 pink stamens; several to many in terminal, rounded clusters; size: 4 mm long.
Platanthera dilatata
White Rein-Orchid, Bog Candle
Perennial orchid with spikes of white flowers from tuber-like roots.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. White to greenish tinge, waxy, small but very fragrant, spur slender, cylindrical, curved longer than lip, 5-30 flowers in loose to densely packed terminal spikes.
Polemonium pulcherrimum
Showy Jacob's-ladder
Taprooted perennial with mostly basal leaves and blue bell-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. Blue with yellow centers, showy, bell-shaped, 7-13 mm long and as wide; petals rounded at tip; in crowded clusters at top of stems.
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Silverweed
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Petals yellow, oval, to 1.3 cm long; flowers single on leafless stalks to 20 cm (8 in) tall.
Potentilla gracilis
Graceful Cinquefoil
Light green herb with toothed palmate leaves and diffuse panicles of yellow, saucer-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Blooms May, Jun. Clusters of attractive, saucer-shaped yellow flowers atop stems, 5 petals, many stamens; size: 1.3 cm across.
Potentilla palustris
Marsh Cinquefoil
Perennial from long, creeping, often floating, somewhat woody rhizomes, with small maroon flowers.
Height: Ip to 3 feet (1 meter).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Strikingly reddish-purple, bowl-shaped, about 2 cm across; sepals and petals 5; stamens and ovaries numerous; few to several in loose terminal clusters.
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Self Heal
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. 1 cm long; sepals in 2-lipped, spine-tipped tube; petals a 2-lipped tube, upper lip hooded, bonnet-like, lower lip 3 lobed, center lobe fringed, 4 stamens; primary color: Purplish to pink, occasionally white; shape: snapdragon-like, in cluster.
Prunus emarginata var. mollis
Bitter Cherry
Shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red cherries.
Height: Up to 50 feet (15 meters).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. White or slightly pinkish, 1-1.5 cm across, saucer-shaped; 5-10 in a rounded or flat-topped cluster. Flowers appear when leaves are about half grown.
Pyrola asarifolia
Pink Wintergreen
A small woodland herb with a basal clump of glossy green leaves and slender spikes of pink flowers.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: pink.
Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup
A much-branched herb of wet areas, with tiny yellow flowers.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: yellow.
Rhododendron macrophyllum
Pacific Rhododendron
Showy shrub that can grow very large, with clusters of large pink flowers.
Height: Up to 26 feet (8 meters) if grown in shade; shorter and bushier in sunlight.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Pink to rose-purple, bell-shaped, 5-lobed (the lobes have wavy edges), 2-4 cm long; few to many in showy terminal clusters.
Ribes lacustre
Black Gooseberry
Erect to spreading shrub with spiny stems.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Small, saucer-shaped, reddish to maroon, in drooping clusters of 7-15 flowers. Ovary is glandular-hairy.
Rosa gymnocarpa
Baldhip Rose
Spindly shrub with brittle weak straight spines and small pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. 5 petals, numerous stamens; flowers borne singly at the end of branches; primary color: pale pink; size: 1-2 cm across; shape: saucer-shaped.
Rosa nutkana
Nootka Rose
Spindly shrub with a pair of prickles at the base of each leaf and large pink rose flowers.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Large flower borne singly or in pairs of 2-3 at the branch tips; primary color: pink; size: 4-8 cm across; shape: saucer-shaped.
Rosa pisocarpa
Swamp Rose
Thicket forming shrub with spiny stems and clusters of pink rose flowers.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: pink.
Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry
Unarmed spreading shrub with large white flowers. Usually forms dense thickets.
Height: Up to 10 feet (3 meters).
Blooms May, Jun. Petals white, crinkled like tissue paper, 2-3 cm long; several (3-11) in long stemmed terminal cluster.
Rubus spectabilis
Salmonberry
Erect and branching shrub with early spring pink flowers and reddish-orange raspberry-like fruits.
Height: Up to 13 feet (4 meters).
Blooms Mar, Apr, May, Jun. 1-2 or even 4 on short branches; primary color: pink to red to reddish-purple (magenta); size: 2-4 cm; shape: circular, 5 petaled.
Rubus ursinus
Trailing Blackberry
Trailing prickly vine producing small blackberries in late summer.
Height: 20 inches (50 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flowers grow in flat topped clusters from the leaf axils; male and female flowers are on different plants; primary color: white or pale pink; size: 4 cm.
Sagittaria latifolia
Wapato, Arrowhead
Tall semi-aquatic perennial of marshes or lake margins, with large arrowhead shaped leaves and small white flowers.
Height: 3 feet (90 cm).
Blooms Jul, Aug. Sexes often on different flowers, 3 white petals 1-2 cm long and 3 greenish sepals, numerous ovaries and stamens, flowers in 2-8 whorls.
Sambucus racemosa
Red Elderberry
Shrub to small tree with clusters of small white flowers and red berries.
Height: 20 feet (6 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Pyramidal clusters of small creamy-white flowers with an unpleasant odor.
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush
Blooms Jun, Jul. Flower color: brown.
Scirpus maritimus
Seacoast Bulrush
Blooms Jun, Jul. Flower color: brown.
Scirpus microcarpus
Small-flowered Bulrush
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: green.
Sedum lanceolatum
Lance-leaved Stonecrop
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. Flower color: yellow.
Sedum oreganum
Oregon Stonecrop
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: yellow.
Sedum spathulifolium
Broad-leaved Stonecrop
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: yellow.
Sisyrinchium californicum
Golden-eyed Grass
A small iris-like plant with yellow flowers.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Short stalked, petals yellow with purplish-brown veins, 1.2 cm long; 2-7 flowers in a terminal cluster above 2 sheathing, leaf-like bracts, turns purplish-black when pressed and dried, flowers in the morning and close by mid-day; size: 3 cm; shape: circular with 6 symmetrical tepals.
Sisyrinchium idahoense
Blue-eyed Grass
A small clump-forming iris-like plant with small blue flowers.
Height: 28 inches (40 cm).
Blooms Mar, Apr, May, Jun. Terminal cluster of 1-5 flowers above a pair of sheathing, leaf-like bracts, petals wilt and shrivel shortly after picking; primary color: blue to bluish-purple with a yellow "eye"; size: 2 cm; shape: 6 symmetrical petals, circular.
Sium suave
Water-parsnip
Blooms Jul, Aug, Sep. Flower color: white.
Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod
Forms patches from long creeping rhizomes. Stems leafy and hairy near the top, with a dense cluster of small yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep. Numerous flower heads in dense pyramidal cluster; ray flowers 10-17, 1-3 mm long; involucres 3-6mm x 3-5mm, long-pointed bracts that sometimes overlap, sometimes sticky and glandular.
Sorbus sitchensis
Sitka-Mountain Ash
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: white.
Sparganium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Bur-reed
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: green.
Sparganium eurycarpum
Broadfruit Bur-reed
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: green.
Spiraea densiflora
Subalpine Spirea
Low mound-forming shrub with rounded clusters of intense pink tiny flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Tiny delicate pink flowers are in rounded clusters 1-2 inches across at tips of stems.
Spiraea douglasii
Douglas' Spirea
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: pink.
Stachys cooleyae
Cooley's Hedge Nettle
Perennial from rhizomes.
Height: Up to 5 feet (1.5 meters).
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Several to many in open terminal cluster; hairy, stalkless; sepals united in a tube with 5 spine-tipped lobes; petals fused into a two-lipped tube, the lower lip is 3-lobed; 4 stamens; 4-lobed ovary; primary color: deep red to purple; size: 23-40 mm long; shape: tubular.
Streptopus amplexifolius
Clasping Twisted Stalk
Perennial herb with a branched zigzagging stem and dangling white flowers.
Height: 3 feet (1 meter).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun. Flowers hang on thin, twisted stalks; 1-2 from each leaf axil along stem; primary color: greenish-white; size: 1-2 cm; shape: bell shaped with flaring tips.
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
Erect shrub with attractive white berries that persist through the winter.
Height: Up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flowers are arranged in small, dense clusters along a raceme or spike; primary color: pink to white; size: 5-7 mm long; shape: bell-shaped.
Tellima grandiflora
Fringecup
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Flower color: white,pink.
Tiarella trifoliata
Foamflower
Herb with erect or ascending stems and spikes of dainty white flowers.
Height: 2 feet (60 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Tiny and delicate white flowers at the end of short wire-like stalks, several to many in elongate clusters, 5 petals and 10 stamens; size: 2 mm; shape: stars, narrowly tube shaped.
Tolmiea menziesii
Piggy-back Plant
A woodland herb whose leaves give rise to small plantlets.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: brown.
Trientalis latifolia
Broad-leaved Starflower
A small delicate herb with a single whorl of leaves topped by several small, pink, star-shaped flowers.
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: pink.
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
A tall wetland plant with long, erect sword-like leaves and dense brown flower spikes.
Blooms Jun, Jul. Flower color: green,brown.
Urtica dioica
Stinging Nettle
Tall perennial herb with deciduous leaves covered in stinging hairs.
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: green.
Vaccinium ovatum
Evergreen huckleberry
Bushy shrub with small shiny green evergreen leaves and small clusters of pink bell-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 4 meters (13 ft) tall.
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. In small clusters along branches; flowers are bell-shaped, pink, to 8 mm long.
Vaccinium oxycoccus
Bog Cranberry
Creeping perennial of peat bogs, producing pink flowers and dark red cranberries.
Blooms Jun, Jul, Aug. Flower color: pink.
Vancouveria hexandra
Inside-out Flower
Rhizomatous perennial with small white flowers and delicate leaves.
Height: 16 inches (40 cm).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. 6 petals and 6 sepals bent backwards and flaring; stamens finely purplish-glandular-hairy; 10-30 flowers on slender stalks in open panicles; size: 2 cm; shape: shooting star.
Viburnum edule
High Bush Cranberry
Shrub with bright red berries and brilliant fall foliage.
Height: 3-9 feet (1-3 meters) tall.
Blooms May, Jun, Jul. Clusters of small white flowers.
Viola adunca
Early-blue Violet
A blue flowered violet that grows from slender rhizomes and is stemless in the early season, later grow upright stem.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Blooms Apr, May, Jun, Jul. Flowers have slender spur which is half as long as lowest petal; the lower 3 petals often have a whitish base or whitish highlights, the lateral pair of petals are white-bearded; primary color: blue to deep violet; size: 1.5 cm long.
Viola sempervirens
Evergreen Violet
A creeping violet with evergreen leaves and yellow flowers.
Blooms May, Jun. Flower color: yellow.
Xerophyllum tenax
Beargrass
Forms a tall grass-like clump of tough leaves topped by a large dense cluster of white flowers.
Height: 3-5 feet (1-1.5 meters).
Blooms May, Jun, Jul, Aug. Tiny, white, fragrant flowers on long stalks in a showy pyramidal terminal cluster on a long stem; 6 petal-like sepals and stamens; flowers irregularly every few years; stem dies after fruiting.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.