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Home > Landscaping > Native Plants for Western Washington Gardens and Restoration Projects

Natives Bulbs (and bulb-like)

Allium acuminatum
Taper-Tip Onion
This native wild onion has grass-like basal leaves overtopped by umbels of purple flowers, and egg-shaped bulbs containing a fibrous network on the surface.
Height: Up to 12 inches (30 cm).
In umbels at stem tips. Each umbel consists of 7-25 flowers that grow from stalks (pedicels) arising from a common point and spread out like the spokes of an umbrella. The flowers are primarily rose-colored but occasionally white. A distinguishing characteristic of this plant is that the tepals (petals) turn back at the tips. The umbel has two bracts underneath.
Allium cernuum
Nodding Onion
Clusters of long grass-like leaves overtopped by nodding umbels of pink flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
The pink to rose-purple, bell-shaped flowers are in umbrella shaped clusters with bracts below the umbel. The name nodding onion comes from the fact that the flower umbels bend over at the top of the stem and points downward toward the ground.
Brodiaea congesta
Harvest Lily
Long slender stems to 3 feet (1 meter) in length topped by a dense cluster of deep purple flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall.
Flowers appearing tight clusters at stem tips after the leave have withered. Primary color is deep purple; size: 4 cm (1.5 in).
Brodiaea hyacinthina
Fool's Onion, White Brodiaea
Onion-like plant from an underground corm, with large clusters of white flowers at tip of stems.
Height: 10-30 inches (25-70 cm).
In large umbel at top of a slender stalk 25-70 cm (10-28 in) tall and surpassing leaves. 3-5 bracts below umbel are small and papery. Each braodly bell-shaped flower is white to light blue, with blue or green veins; size: 1-1.5 cm long.
Camassia leitchlinii
Great Camas
Stately perennial from a deep bulb, producing spikes of large blue flowers in early spring.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
5 or more deep blue (rarely white) flowers in a long terminal spike; the tepals (petals) of the great camas eventually twist together to cover and protect the fruit which distinguishes it from the common camas; anthers are dull yellow/violet; size: 3.5 cm (1.4 in) long.
Camassia quamash
Common Camas
Bulbous perennial producing a spike of large blue flowers.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
5 or more pale to deep blue (rarely white) flowers in terminal spike, the common camas has five tepals curved upwards and the 6th curved downward; anthers are bright yellow. Size: 3.5 cm (1.4 in) across.
Erythronium oregonum
White Fawn Lily
Showy white lily from segmented corm.
Good in a woodland garden when planted in masses. Dies back in winter.. Height: Flower stem up to 1 feet (30 cm) tall.
Tepals (petals) white with yellow bases, bent back; anthers yellow. Flowers usually single terminal and nodding.
Erythronium revolutum
Pink fawn lily
Large nodding pink flowers grow from a thick and segmented corm.
Should be planted in woodlands and along waterways. Deep bulb-like corm requires 5-7 years before flowering.. Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Tepals bent back, single, terminal, nodding; primary color: bright rose-pink.
Fritillaria lanceolata
Chocolate Lily, Rice Root
Rare herb to 80 cm tall from bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets; flowers are mottled maroon and yellow.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Flowers dark purple or maroon with greenish-yellow mottled spots giving a brown appearance overall, nodding, single or in clusters of 2-5, terminal; size: 4 cm (1.5 in) long; shape: bell shaped.
Iris tenax
Oregon Iris
Clumped, perennial iris with large purple flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Sepals and petals to 6 cm (2.5 in) long; 1-2 flowers on each flowering stems; primary color: blue to purple with yellow/white highlights.
Lilium columbianum
Tiger Lily
Trillium ovatum
Western Trillium
Short stout stems topped with a whorl of three leaves and a single large white flower.
Requires 4-5 years to grow from seed to flower.. Height: 12-18 inches (30-45 cm).
The solitary flower has three white petals 2.5-5 cm long by 1.8-4.5 cm wide, with 6 fuzzy yellow stamens and three green sepals beneath. The petals turn pink to purple with age.

The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.