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Native Herbs (G-I)

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z

Galium aparine
Cleavers, Bedstraw
Leaves deciduous.
Galium trifidum
Small Bedstraw
Sprawling perennial with numerous stems from slender rhizomes.
Height: up to 28 inches (70 cm).
In whorls of 4-6, 1 veined, blunt tipped, margins have bristles pointing backwards; shape: linear to narrowly elliptic; size: 0.5-2 cm long; color: light green. Leaves evergreen.
Geum macrophyllum
Large-leaved Avens
Hairy perennial with short rhizomes and big leaves topped by small yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meters).
Basal leaves long stalked, with heart to kidney shaped terminal segments many times larger that the several leaflets below; stem leaves few, stalkless or nearly so, deeply 3 lobed or 3 parted; color: light green. Leaves deciduous.
Gilia capitata
Globe Gilia
Upright taprooted annual with large ball-like heads of blue flowers.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meter).
Basal and alternate on the stem, reduced in size upwards, once or twice pinnately lobed with very narrow segments; size: 2-10 cm (0.8-4 in) long; color: green. Leaves deciduous.
Goodyera oblongifolia
Rattlesnake Plantain
Evergreen orchid from short rhizomes with an unusual mottled leaf pattern.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (45 cm).
Leaves in basal rosette, thick dark green leaves with rattlesnake pattern of white markings, especially along midrib; shape: oval or oblong to narrowly elliptic; size: 3-10 cm (1-4 in) long. Leaves evergreen.
Grindelia integrifolia
Entire-leaved Gumweed
Seaside perennial with sticky heads of yellow flowers.
Height: Can grow up to 32 inches (80 cm) in height.
Leaves can be toothed or entire; stem leaves have alternating arrangement and are stalkless; basal leaves are oblong; stem leaves are lance-shaped; size: up to 40 cm (15.5 in) long, 4 cm (1.5 in) wide; color: green. Leaves deciduous.
Helenium autumnale
Mountain Sneezeweed
Leaves deciduous.
Heuchera micrantha
Small-flowered Alumroot
Grows from rhizomes with one to many flower stems that are reddish and covered with fine hairs and topped with delicate panicles of tiny white flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Mainly basal, long stalked, 5-7 lobed, sharp to round toothed, hairy on leaf stalk and lower surface, often lacking stem leaves; shape: kidney-heart; color: light green to reddish tinged. Leaves deciduous.
Hydrophyllum fendleri
Fendler's Waterleaf
Leaves deciduous.
Hydrophyllum tenuipes
Pacific Waterleaf
Single leafy, hairy stem grows from rhizomes and fleshy fibrous roots; with small clusters of greenish-white flowers.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Alternating arrangement; hairy and divided into usually 5 (9) coarsely toothed segments; size: 15 cm (6 in) long, 15 cm (6 in) wide. Leaves deciduous.
Iris tenax
Oregon Iris
Clumped, perennial iris with large purple flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Mainly basal, long and narrow, to 40 cm (16 inches) long by 5 mm (1/4 in) wide; 1-4 leaves per stem. Leaves evergreen.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.




Updated: May 7, 2017
Copyright 2000-2018 Washington Native Plant Society. All rights reserved.

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