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Native Herbs (D-F)

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z

Dicentra formosa
Bleeding Heart
Hairless, soft stems and light green lacy leaves overtopped by small nodding clusters of pink heart-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
All basal; numerous, long stalked, fern-like, pinnately divided into narrowly oblong ultimate segments, hairless. Leaves deciduous.
Disporum hookeri
Hooker's Fairybells
Rhizomatous perennial with sparsely branched stems and irregularly curled leaves with hanging white flowers beneath the upper leaves.
Height: Up to 3 feet (1 meters).
Alternating arrangement; pointed tips to promote run-off, stalkless to somewhat clasping at base, slightly hairy on upper surface and margins, prominently veined; shape: oval to lance-shaped; size: 5-13 cm (2-5 in) long; color: light green. Leaves deciduous.
Dodecatheon hendersonii
Henderson's Shooting Star
Leafless stems topped with nodding star-shaped pink flowers. This is our only shooting star with oval leaves.
Height: Up to 1.5 feet (50 cm).
Margins are smooth to slightly toothed; leaf blades are 3-20 cm (1-8 in) long, egg-shaped to deltoid, contracted abruptly to the stalk. Leaves deciduous.
Epilobium brachycarpum
Tall Annual Willowherb
Taprooted annual of dry, gravelly or disturbed sites.
Height: 1-4 feet (30-120 cm) tall.
Slender and alternate, 1-2" long. Leaves deciduous.
Epilobium watsonii
Watson's Willowherb
Erect herbaceous perennial with opposite leaves.
Height: Up to 5 feet (150 cm).
Opposite, lance shaped to oval or elliptic, pointed, minutely toothed, short-stalked or stalkless, crowded or overlapping to remotely spaced; size: 1-15 cm (.4-6 in) long; color: green. Leaves evergreen.
Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane
Short-lived perennial with erect stem-base and taproot or fibrous roots.
Height: Up to 2.25 feet (70 cm).
Basal leaves broadly lance-shaped, coarsely toothed, hairy, short stalked; stem leaves progressively reduced in size, lance-shaped, stalkless, clasping at base, often toothed; size: varies; color: green. Leaves deciduous.
Eriophyllum lanatum
Woolly Sunflower
Wooly leafy perennial with yellow daisy-like flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Alternate or opposite, narrowly lobed to sometimes entire, 1-8 cm (0.4-3 in) long; wide leaves at base, narrow up stem. Leaves deciduous.
Erythronium oregonum
White Fawn Lily
Showy white lily from segmented corm.
Height: Flower stem up to 1 feet (30 cm) tall.
Basal, paired, lance to oblong shaped, to 20 cm (8 in) long, pale glossy green with dark brown mottling. Leaves deciduous.
Erythronium revolutum
Pink fawn lily
Large nodding pink flowers grow from a thick and segmented corm.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Basal, paired, broadly lance-shaped, to 20 cm long, green mottled with white; shape: lance-shaped; size: 20 cm (8 in) long. Leaves deciduous.
Fragaria chiloensis
Coastal Strawberry
Spreads low across ground with runners. White flowers and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Basal on long stalks to 20 cm (8 in); with 3 leaflets each; leaflets thick, leathery and strongly veined, coarsely toothed, dark green above with silvery undersides; leaf size: 3-6 cm (1-2.5 in) across. Leaves deciduous.
Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry
A wild strawberry with thin leaves, low, short runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Terminal tooth on leaflets is longer than adjoining teeth; shape: 3 lobed; size: 3-6 cm (1-2.5 in) across; color: yellow-green. Leaves deciduous.
Fragaria virginiana
Wild strawberry
Low growing wild strawberry with runners, white flowers, and small red strawberries.
Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm).
Each leaf has 3 leaflets with pronounced veins; terminal leaflet tooth is narrower and shorter than adjoining teeth; shape: 3 lobed; size: 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) long; color: bluish-green. Leaves deciduous.
Fritillaria lanceolata
Chocolate Lily, Rice Root
Rare herb to 80 cm tall from bulb with numerous rice-like bulblets; flowers are mottled maroon and yellow.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
In 1-2 whorls of 3-5 leaves, sometimes alternate; shape: lance shaped; size: 5-15 cm (2-6 in) long; color: light green. Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.


Updated: September 11, 2015
Copyright 2000-2018 Washington Native Plant Society. All rights reserved.

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