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Native Herbs (P-R)

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-L | M-O | P-R | S-U | V-Z

Penstemon serrulatus
Coast Penstemon
Perennial, sprawling sub-shrub from a woody stem base, with large purple tubular flowers at stem tips.
Height: 8-28 inches (20-70 cm).
Leaves opposite, hairless and stalkless, saw toothed; lower leaves are reduces and often stalked; shape: lance to oblong egg-shaped; size: 3-8 cm (1-3 in). Leaves deciduous.
Petasites palmatus
Palmate Coltsfoot
Many-stemmed perennial with umbrella-like leaves from creeping rhizomes.
Height: Up to 30 inches (80 cm).
All basal on long stalks; deeply divided heart or kidney shape, almost palmate, with 5-7 toothed lobes; green and hairless above, white-woolly below. Stem leaves reduced to alternate bracts. Leaves deciduous.
Phlox diffusa
Spreading Phlox
Mat forming perennial with showy white to pink flowers.
Height: Up to 4 inches (10 cm).
Opposite, linear, entire, fused at base in pairs, green and hairless except for hairy lower edges, 5-20 mm long. Leaves deciduous.
Platanthera dilatata
White Rein-Orchid, Bog Candle
Perennial orchid with spikes of white flowers from tuber-like roots.
Height: Up to 28 inches (70 cm).
Alternate, oblong to broadly lance-shaped, sheathing, gradually getting smaller up the stem. Leaves deciduous.
Plectritis congesta
Sea Blush
Delicate annual herb with large dense clusters of small pink flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Opposite, hairless, oblong-elliptic, stalkless, lowermost leaves spoon or egg shaped, short-stalked ; margins smooth or obscurely; size: 0.5-5 cm (to 2 in) long. Leaves deciduous.
Polemonium pulcherrimum
Showy Jacob's-ladder
Taprooted perennial with mostly basal leaves and blue bell-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 14 inches (35 cm).
Mostly basal, often tufted, pinnately compound (ladder-like), leaflets 11-25, opposite or offset, egg-shaped to circular, often glandular-hairy, at least when young. Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica
Low growing hairy herb with runners and solitary yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 16 inches (40 cm).
Basal, to 40 cm (16 inches) long, erect, pinnately compound with a mix of large and small leaflets that are woolly beneath. Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla gracilis
Graceful Cinquefoil
Light green herb with toothed palmate leaves and diffuse panicles of yellow, saucer-shaped flowers.
Height: Up to 32 inches (80 cm).
Basal leaves on stalks; palmate with 5-9 highly dissected leaflets 3-8 cm (1-3 in) long; stem leaves 1-3, stalkless, divided into 3 spreading leaflets that have deep triangular teeth around the edges. Leaves deciduous.
Potentilla palustris
Marsh Cinquefoil
Perennial from long, creeping, often floating, somewhat woody rhizomes, with small maroon flowers.
Height: Ip to 3 feet (1 meter).
Alternate, mainly on flowering stems; lower leaves pinnately divided into 5-7 leaflets that are oblong, coarsely toothed, pale-green above, glaucous to finely hairy below; upper leaves smaller. Leaves deciduous.
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Self Heal
Fibrous-rooted perennial from short rhizome or stem-base with small purple flowers.
Height: Up to 20 inches (50 cm).
Opposite, relatively few, lance-egg-shaped to oblong or elliptic, minutely hairy to hairless, stalked; margins smooth or obscurely toothed. Leaves deciduous.
Pyrola asarifolia
Pink Wintergreen
A small woodland herb with a basal clump of glossy green leaves and slender spikes of pink flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Ranunculus occidentalis
Western Buttercup
Slender perennial herb with fibrous roots and yellow flowers.
Height: Up to 2 feet (60 cm).
Basal leaves long stalked, variously lobed but normally with 3 wedge-shaped, coarsely lobed and toothed divisions; stem leaves alternate, short stalked, deeply divided, smaller and narrower up stem. Leaves deciduous.
Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup
A much-branched herb of wet areas, with tiny yellow flowers.
Leaves deciduous.
Rorippa curvisiliqua
Curvepod Yellowcress
Leaves deciduous.
Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress
Leaves deciduous.


The landscaping and restoration information provided on this page is taken from the Starflower Foundation Image Herbarium. All photographs © Starflower Foundation unless otherwise noted.




Updated: May 7, 2017
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